NSSL Laboratory Review 2015

Publications

Books and peer-reviewed publications authored by NSSL and NSSL/CIMMS employees, FY 2010–2014

Federal personnel at NSSL in blue | CIMMS personnel at NSSL in red

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FY 2014 — 113 publications

Amengual, A. , V. Homar, R. Romero, H. E. Brooks, C. Ramis, M. Gordaliza, S. Alonso, 2014: Projections of heat waves with high impact on human health in Europe. Global and Planetary Change, 119, 71–84, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.05.006.

Bruning, E. C., D. R. MacGorman, 2013: Theory and observations of controls on lightning flash size spectra. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 4012–4029, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0289.1.

Bruning, E. C., S. A. Weiss, K. M. Calhoun, 2014: Continuous variability in thunderstorm primary electrification and an evaluation of inverted-polarity terminology. Atmospheric Research, 135-136, 274–284, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.10.009.

Calhoun, K. M., T. M. Smith, D. M. Kingfield, J. Gao, D. J. Stensrud, 2014: Forecaster Use and Evaluation of real-time 3DVAR analyses during Severe Thunderstorm and Tornado Warning Operations in the Hazardous Weather Testbed. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 601–613, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-13-00107.1.

Cao, Q. , Y. Wen, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, P. E. Kirstetter, 2014: Enhancing quantitative precipitation estimation over the continental United States using a ground-space multi-sensor integration approach. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 11, 1305–1309, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2295768.

Chen, S. , Y. Hong, Q. Cao, P. E. Kirstetter, J. J. Gourley, Y. Qi, J. Zhang, K. W. Howard, J. Hu, J. Wang, 2013: Performance evaluation of radar and satellite rainfalls for Typhoon Morakot over Taiwan: Are remote-sensing products ready for gauge denial scenario of extreme events?. Journal of Hydrology, 506, 4–13, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.12.026.

Chen, S. , P. E. Kirstetter, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, Y. Tian, Y. Qi, Q. Cao, J. Zhang, K. W. Howard, J. Hu, X. Xue, 2013: Evaluation of spatial errors of precipitation rates and types from TRMM spaceborne radar over the southern CONUS. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1884–1896, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-027.1.

Chen, S. , Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, G. J. Huffman, Y. Tian, Q. Cao, B. Yong, P. E. Kirstetter, J. Hu, J. Hardy, Z. Li, S. I. Khan, X. Xue, 2013: Evaluation of the successive V6 and V7 TRMM multisatellite precipitation analysis over the Continental United States. Water Resources Research, 49, 8174–8186, doi:10.1002/2012WR012795.

Chen, S. , Y. Hong, Q. Cao, J. J. Gourley, P. E. Kirstetter, B. Yong, Y. Tian, Z. Zhang, Y. Shen, J. Hardy, 2013: Similarity and difference of the two successive V6 and V7 TRMM multisatellite precipitation analysis performance over China. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 118, 13060–13074, doi:10.1002/2013JD019964.

Clark, A. J., R. G. Bullock, T. L. Jensen, M. Xue, F. Kong, 2014: Application of Object-based Time-Domain Diagnostics for Tracking Precipitation Systems in Convection-allowing Models. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 517–542.

Clark, R. A., J. J. Gourley, Z. L. Flamig, Y. Hong, E. Clark, 2014: CONUS-wide evaluation of National Weather Service flash flood guidance products. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 377–392, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00124.1.

Cox, C. J., D. D. Turner, P. M. Rowe, M. D. Shupe, V. P. Walden, 2014: Cloud Microphysical Properties Retrieved from Downwelling Infrared Radiance Measurements Made at Eureka, Nunavut, Canada (2006–09). Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 772–791, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0113.1.

Crowell, S. , L. White, L. J. Wicker, 2014: Estimation of Near Surface Wind Speeds in Strongly Rotating Flows. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 235C, 201–211, doi:10.1016/j.amc.2014.01.010.

Curtis, C. D., S. M. Torres, 2013: Real-time measurement of the range correlation for range oversampling processing. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 2885–2895, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00090.1.

Curtis, C. D., S. M. Torres, 2014: Adaptive Range Oversampling to Improve Estimates of Polarimetric Variables on Weather Radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 1853–1866, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00216.1.

Dahl, J. S., M. D. Parker, L. J. Wicker, 2014: The roles of ambient and storm-generated vorticity in the development of near-ground rotation in a simulated supercell. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71, 3027–3051, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-13-0123.1.

Dawson, D. T., L. J. Wicker, E. R. Mansell, Y. Jung, M. Xue, 2013: Low-Level Polarimetric Radar Signatures in EnKF Analyses and Forecasts of the May 8, 2003 Oklahoma City Tornadic Supercell: Impact of Multimoment Microphysics and Comparisons with Observation. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–13, doi:10.1155/2013/818394.

Dawson, D. T., E. R. Mansell, Y. Jung, L. J. Wicker, M. R. Kumjian, M. Xue, 2014: Low-Level ZDR Signatures in Supercell Forward Flanks: The Role of Size Sorting and Melting of Hail. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71, 276–299, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0118.1.

Dresback, K. M., J. G. Fleming, B. O. Blanton, C. Kaiser, J. J. Gourley, E. M. Tromble, R. A. Luettich, R. L. Kolar, Y. Hong, S. Van Cooten, H. J. Vergara, Z. L. Flamig, H. M. Lander, K. E. Kelleher, K. L. Neumunatis-Monroe, 2013: Skill assessment of a real-time forecast system utilizing a coupled hydrologic and coastal hydrodynamic model during Hurricane Irene (2011). Continental Shelf Research, 71, 78–94, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.10.007.

Ducrocq, V. , I. Braud, S. Davolio, R. Ferretti, C. Flamant, A. Jansa, N. Kalthoff, E. Richard, I. Taupier-Letage, P. Ayral, S. Belamari, A. Berne, M. Borga, B. Boudevillain, O. Bock, J. Boichard, M. Bouin, O. Bousquet, C. Bouvier, J. Chiggiato, D. Cimini, U. Corsmeier, L. Coppola, P. Cocquerez, E. Defer, J. Delanoë, P. Di Girolamo, A. Doerenbecher, P. Drobinski, Y. Dufournet, N. Fourrié, J. Gourley, L. Labatut, D. Lambert, J. Le Coz, F. Marzano, G. Molinié, A. Montani, G. Nord, M. Nuret, K. Ramage, B. Rison, O. Roussot, F. Said, A. Schwarzenboeck, P. Testor, J. Van-Baelen, B. Vincendon, M. Aran, J. Tamayo, 2014: HyMeX-SOP1: The field campaign dedicated to heavy precipitation and flash flooding in the northwestern Mediterranean. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 1083–1100, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00244.1.

Elmore, K. L., Z. L. Flamig, V. Lakshmanan, B. T. Kaney, V. Farmer, H. D. Reeves, L. P. Rothfusz, 2014: MPING Crowd-Sourcing Weather Reports for Research. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 1335–1342.

Fierro, A. O., J. Gao, C. Ziegler, E. Mansell, D. MacGorman, S. Dembek, 2014: Evaluation of a Cloud-Scale Lightning Data Assimilation Technique and a 3DVAR Method for the Analysis and Short-Term Forecast of the 29 June 2012 Derecho Event. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 183–202, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00142.1.

Fierro, A. O., L. M. Leslie, 2014: Relationships between southeast Australian temperature anomalies and large-scale climate drivers. Journal of Climate, 27, 1395–1412, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00229.1.

Fierro, A. O., 2014: Relationships between California rainfall variability and large-scale climate drivers. International Journal of Climatology, 34, 3626–3640, doi:10.1002/joc.4112.

Gao, J. , M. Xue, D. J. Stensrud, 2013: The development of a hybrid EnKF-3DVAR algorithm for storm-scale data assimilation. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–12, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/512656.

Gao, J. , D. J. Stensrud, 2014: Some Observing System Simulation Experiments with a Hybrid 3DEnVAR System for Stormscale Radar Data Assimilation. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 3326–3346, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-14-00025.1.

Gasperoni, N. A., M. Xue, R. D. Palmer, J. Gao, 2013: Sensitivity of Convective Initiation Prediction to Near-Surface Moisture When Assimilating Radar Refractivity: Impact Tests Using OSSEs. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 2281–2302, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00038.1.

Ge, G. , J. Gao, M. Xue, 2013: Impact of a diagnostic pressure equation constraint on tornadic supercell thunderstorms forecasts initialized using 3DVAR radar data assimilation. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–12, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/947874.

Gensini, V. A., T. L. Mote, H. E. Brooks, 2014: Severe-Thunderstorm Reanalysis Environments and Collocated Radiosonde Observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 742–751, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0263.1.

Gourley, J. J., Z. L. Flamig, Y. Hong, K. W. Howard, 2014: Evaluation of past, present, and future tools for radar-based flash flood prediction. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 59, 1377–1389, doi:10.1080/02626667.2014.919391.

Grams, H. M., J. Zhang, K. Elmore, 2014: Automated Identification of Enhanced Rainfall Rates Using the Near-Storm Environment for Radar Precipitation Estimates. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1238–1254, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-042.1.

Griffin, E. M., T. J. Schuur, D. R. MacGorman, M. R. Kumjian, A. O. Fierro, 2014: An Electrical and Polarimetric Analysis of the Overland Reintensification of Tropical Storm Erin (2007). Monthly Weather Review, 142, 2321–2344, doi:10.1175.MWR-D-13-00360.1.

Guy, N. , D. P. Jorgensen, 2014: Kinematic and Precipitation Characteristics of Convective Systems Observed by Airborne Doppler Radar during the Life Cycle of a Madden–Julian Oscillation in the Indian Ocean. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 1385–1402, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00252.1.

Hitchens, N. M., H. E. Brooks, R. S. Schumacher, 2013: Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Heavy Hourly Rainfall in the United States. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4564–4575, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00297.1.

Ivic, I. R., C. Curtis, S. M. Torres, 2013: Radial-Based Noise Power Estimation for Weather Radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 2737–2753, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00008.1.

Ivic, I. R., 2014: On the Use of a Radial-Based Noise Power Estimation Technique to Improve Estimates of the Correlation Coefficient on Dual-Polarization Weather Radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 1867–1880, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00052.1.

Ivić, I. R., R. Keränen, D. S. Zrnić, 2014: Assessment of Censoring Using Coherency-Based Detectors on Dual-Polarized Weather Radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 1694–1703, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00074.1.

Johnson, A. X., X. Wang, M. Xue, F. Kong, K. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, 2014: Multiscale characteristics and evolution of perturbations for warm season convection allowing precipitation forecasts: Dependence on background flow and method of perturbation. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 1053–1073, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00204.1.

Jones, T. A., D. J. Stensrud, J. A. Otkin, K. Knopfmeier, 2014: Forecast evaluation of an Observing System Simulation Experiment assimilating both radar and satellite data. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 107–124.

Kalina, E. A., K. Friedrich, S. M. Ellis, D. W. Burgess, 2014: Comparison of disdrometer and X-band mobile radar observations in convective storms. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2414–2435.

Kaplan, M. L., R. K. Vellore, J. M. Lewis, S. J. Underwood, P. M. Pauley, J. E. Martin, R. M. Rabin, R. Krishnan, 2013: Subtropical - polar jet interactions in Southern Plains dust storms. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 12893–12914, doi:10.1002/2013JD020345.

Khan, S. , Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, M. U. Khattak, T. De Groeve, 2014: Multi-sensor imaging and space-ground cross-validation for 2010 flood along Indus River, Pakistan. Remote Sensing, 6, 2392–2407, doi:10.3390/rs6032393.

Khan, S. I., Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, M. U. Khattak, B. Yong, H. Vergara, 2014: Evaluation of three high-resolution satellite precipitation estimates: Potential for monsoon monitoring over Pakistan. Advances in Space Research, 54, 670–684, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2014.04.017.

Kneifel, S. , S. Redl, E. Orlandi, U. Loehnert, M. P. Cadeddu, D. D. Turner, M. T. Chen, 2014: Absorption Properties of Supercooled Liquid Water between 31 and 225 GHz: Evaluation of Absorption Models Using Ground-Based Observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1028–1045, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0214.1.

Koracin, D. , C. E. Dorman, J. M. Lewis, J. G. Hudson, E. M. Wilcox, A. Torregrosa, 2014: Marine Fog: A Review. Atmospheric Research, 143, 142–175, doi:http:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2013.12.012.

Kuligowski, E. D., F. T. Lombarado, L. T. Phan, D. P. Jorgensen, 2014: Lessons from the 2011 Joplin tornado. Natural Hazards Observer, XXXIX, 10–15.

Kumjian, M. R., A. V. Ryzhkov, H. D. Reeves, T. J. Schuur, 2013: A dual-polarization radar signature of hydrometeor refreezing in winter storms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2549–2566, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0311.1.

Kumjian, M. , A. Khain, N. Benmoshe, E. Ilotoviz, A. Ryzhkov, V. Phillips, 2014: The anatomy and physics of Zdr columns: Investigating a polarimetric radar signature with a spectral bin microphysical model. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1820–1843.

Lewis, J. M., 2014: Edward Epstein's stochastic - dynamic approach to ensemble weather prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 99–116, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00036.2.

Lewis, J. M., 2014: Deterministic/Probabilistic prediction of nonlinear advection: Part II Online Supplement. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, ES1–ES4, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00036.2.

Li, Z. , D. Yang, Y. Hong, J. Zhang, Y. Qi, 2014: Characterizing Spatiotemporal Variations of Hourly Rainfall by Gauge and Radar in the Mountainous Three Gorges Region. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 873–889, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0277.1.

Li, Z. , D. Yang, Y. Hong, Y. Qi, Q. Cao, 2014: Radar-based quantitative precipitation estimate in the Three Gorges region of Yangtze River. JOURNAL OF HYDROELECTRIC ENGINEERING, 33, 29–35.

Lindell, M. K., H. E. Brooks, 2013: Workshop on Weather Ready Nation: Science Imperatives for Severe Thunderstorm Research. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, ES171–ES174, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00238.1.

Lindell, M. K., H. E. Brooks, 2013: Research Needs for Severe Weather Research: An Introduction. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 31, 335–339.

Lindell, M. K., H. E. Brooks, 2013: An Integrated Agenda for Research on Severe Storms. International Journal on Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 13, 428–454.

Mansell, E. R., 2014: Storm-Scale Ensemble Kalman Filter Assimilation of Total Lightning Flash-Extent Data. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 3683–3695, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-14-00061.1.

Maschwitz, G. , U. Loehnert, S. Crewell, T. Rose, D. D. Turner, 2013: Investigation of ground-based microwave radiometer calibration techniques at 530 hPa. Atmos. Meas. Technol, 6, 2641–2658, doi:10.5194/amt-6-2641-2013.

Mazur, V. , 2014: The physical processes of current cutoff in lightning leaders. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 1–15, doi:10.1002/2013JD020494.

McGovern, A. , D. J. Gagne, J. K. Williams, R. A. Brown, J. B. Basara, 2014: Enhancing understanding and improving prediction of severe weather through spatiotemporal relational learning. Machine Learning, 95, 27–50, doi:10.1007/s10994-013-5343-x.

Melnikov, V. , M. Leskinen, J. Koistinen, 2014: Doppler velocities at orthogonal polarizations in radar echoes from insects and birds. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 11, 592–596, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2272011.

Mishra, S. , D. L. Mitchell, D. D. Turner, R. P. Lawson, 2014: Parameterization of ice fall speeds in midlatitude cirrus: Results from SPartICus. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 3857–3876, doi:10.1002/2013JD020602.

Natenberg, E. , J. Gao, M. Xue, F. H. Carr, 2013: Multi-Doppler radar analysis and forecast of a tornadic thunderstorm using a 3D variational data assimilation technique and ARPS model. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–18, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/281695.

Newsom, R. K., L. K. Berg, J. Fast, Q. Xu, P. Zhang, Q. Yang, W. J. Shaw, J. Flaherty, 2014: Evaluation of Single-Doppler Radar Wind Retrievals in Flat and Complex Terrain. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 1920–1931, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0297.1.

Paine, S. N., D. D. Turner, 2013: Processing and Calibration of Submillimeter Fourier Transform Radiometer Spectra From the RHUBC-II Campaign. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51, 5187–5198, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2231869.

Paine, S. N., D. D. Turner, N. Kuechler, 2014: Understanding Thermal Drift in Liquid Nitrogen Loads Used for Radiometric Calibration in the Field. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 647–655, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00171.1.

Perera, S. , Y. Pan, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, D. Zrnic, R. Doviak, 2014: A Fully Reconfigurable Polarimetric Phased Array Antenna Testbed. International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 2014, 1–14, doi:10.1155/2014/439606.

Potvin, C. K., L. J. Wicker, 2013: Correcting fast-mode pressure errors in storm-scale ensemble Kalman filter analyses. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–14, doi:10.1155/2013/624931.

Qi, Y. , J. Zhang, 2013: Correction of Radar QPE Errors Associated with Low and Partially Observed Brightband Layers. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1933–1943.

Qi, Y. , J. Zhang, Q. Cao, Y. Hong, X. Hu, 2013: Correction of Radar QPE Errors for Nonuniform VPRs in Mesoscale Convective Systems Using TRMM Observations. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1672–1682.

Qi, Y. , J. Zhang, P. Zhang, 2013: A real-time automated convective and stratiform precipitation segregation algorithm in native radar coordinates. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc, 139, 2233–2240.

Qi, Y. , J. Zhang, B. Kaney, C. Langston, K. Howard, 2014: Improving WSR-88D Radar QPE for Orographic Precipitation Using Profiler Observations. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1135–1151, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-0131.1.

Qiao, L. , Y. Hong, S. Chen, C. Zou, J. J. Gourley, B. Yong, 2014: Performance assessment of the successive Version 6 and Version 7 TMPA products over the climate-transitional zone in the southern Great Plains, USA. Journal of Hydrology, 513, 446–456, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.03.040.

Qiu, X. , Q. Xu, C. Qiu, K. Nai, P. Zhang, 2013: Retrieving 3-D wind field from phased-array radar rapid scans. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 441–456, doi:10.1155/2013/792631.

Rabin, R. M., M. Temimi, J. Stepinski, P. D. Bothwell, 2014: Monitoring surface dryness using geostationary thermal observations. Remote Sensing Letters, 5, 10–18, doi:10.1080/2150704X.2013.862601.

Reeves, H. D., K. L. Elmore, A. V. Ryzhkov, T. J. Schuur, J. Krause, 2014: Sources of uncertainty in precipitation type forecasting. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 936–953, doi:dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-14-00007.1.

Rothfusz, L. P., C. Karstens, D. Hilderbrand, 2014: Next-Generation Severe Weather Forecasting and Communication. EOS (AGU), 95, 325–326, doi:10.1002/2014EO360001.

Ryzhkov, A. , M. Kumjian, S. Ganson, A. Khain, 2013: Polarimetric radar characteristics of melting hail. Part I: Theoretical simulations using spectral microphysical modeling. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2849–2870.

Ryzhkov, A. , M. Kumjian, S. Ganson, P. Zhang, 2013: Polarimetric radar characteristics of melting hail. Part II: Practical implications. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2871–2886.

Ryzhkov, A. , M. Diederich, P. Zhang, C. Simmer, 2014: Potential utilization of specific attenuation for rainfall estimation, mitigation of partial beam blockage, and radar networking. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 599–619.

Schmit, T. J., S. J. Goodman, D. T. Lindsey, R. M. Rabin, K. M. Bedka, M. M. Gunshor, J. L. Cintineo, C. S. Velden, A. S. Bachmeier, S. S. Lindstrom, C. C. Schmidt, 2013: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-14 super rapid scan operations to prepare for GOES-R. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 7, 1–20, doi:10.1117/1.JRS.7.073462.

Seyyedi, H. , E. N. Anagnostou, P. E. Kirstetter, V. Maggioni, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, 2014: Incorporating surface soil moisture information in error modeling of TRMM passive microwave rainfall. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 52, 6226–6240, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2295795.

Skinner, P. S., C. C. Weiss, M. M. French, H. B. Bluestein, P. M. Markowski, Y. P. Richardson, 2014: VORTEX2 observations of a low-level mesocyclone with multiple internal rear-flank downdraft momentum surges in the 18 May 2010 Dumas, Texas, supercell. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 2935–2960.

Smith, T. M., J. Gao, K. M. Calhoun, D. J. Stensrud, K. L. Manross, K. L. Ortega, C. Fu, D. M. Kingfield, K. L. Elmore, V. Lakshmanan, C. Reidel, 2014: Examination of a Real-Time 3DVAR Analysis System in the Hazardous Weather Testbed. Weather and Forecasting, 39, 63–77, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-13-00044.1.

Sobash, R. A., D. J. Stensrud, 2013: The Impact of Covariance Localization for Radar Data on EnKF Analyses of a Developing MCS: Observing System Simulation Experiments. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3691–3709, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00203.1.

Stano, G. T., C. J. Schultz, L. D. Carey, D. R. MacGorman, K. M. Calhoun, 2014: Total Lightning Observations and Tools for the 20 May 2013 Moore, Oklahoma, Tornadic Supercell. Journal of Operational Meteorology, 2, 71–88, doi:10.15191/nwajom.2014.0207.

Troemel, S. , M. R. Kumjian, A. V. Ryzhkov, C. Simmer, M. Diederich, 2013: Backscatter differential phase – estimation and variability. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 2529–2548, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0124.1.

Troemel, S. , M. Ziegert, A. Ryzhkov, C. Chwala, C. Simmer, 2014: Using microwave backhaul links to optimize the performance of algorithms for rainfall estimation and attenuation correction. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 1748–1760.

Troemel, S. , A. Ryzhkov, P. Zhang, C. Simmer, 2014: Investigations of backscatter differential phase in the melting layer. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 2344–2359.

Turner, D. D., U. Loehnert, 2014: Information Content and Uncertainties in Thermodynamic Profiles and Liquid Cloud Properties Retrieved from the Ground-Based Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 752–771, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0126.1.

Turner, D. D., R. A. Ferrare, V. Wulfmeyer, A. J. Scarino, 2014: Aircraft Evaluation of Ground-Based Raman Lidar Water Vapor Turbulence Profiles in Convective Mixed Layers. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 1078–1088, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00075.1.

Van Tricht, K. , I. V. Gorodetskaya, S. Lhermitte, D. D. Turner, J. H. Schween, N. P. M. Van Lipzig, 2014: An improved algorithm for polar cloud-base detection by ceilometer over ice sheets. Atmos. Meas. Technol, 7, 1153–1167, doi:10.5194/amt-7-1153-2014.

VandenBerg, M. A., M. C. Coniglio, A. J. Clark, 2014: Comparison of Next-Day Convection-Allowing Forecasts of Storm motion on 1- and 4-km Grids. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 878–893, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-14-00011.1.

Vergara, H. , Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, E. N. Anagnostou, V. Maggioni, D. Stampoulis, P. E. Kirstetter, 2014: Effects of resolution of satellite-based rainfall estimates on hydrologic modeling skill at different scales. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 593–613, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0113.1.

Vose, R. S., S. Applequist, M. A. Bourassa, S. C. Pryor, R. J. Barthelmie, B. Blanton, P. D. Bromirski, H. E. Brooks, A. T. DeGaetano, R. M. Dole, D. R. Easterling, R. E. Jensen, T. R. Karl, R. W. Katz, K. Klink, M. C. Kruk, K. E. Kunkel, M. C. MacCracken, T. C. Peterson, K. Shein, B. R. Thomas, J. E. Walsh, X. L. Wang, M. F. Wehner, D. J. Wuebbles, R. S. Young, 2014: Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Extremes: Extratropical Storms, Winds, and Waves. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 377–386, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00162.1.

Walsh, E. J., I. PopStefanija, S. Y. Matrosov, J. Zhang, E. Uhlhorn, B. Klotz, 2014: Airborne Rain-Rate Measurement with a Wide-Swath Radar Altimeter. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31, 860–875, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00111.1.

Wan, Z. , Y. Hong, S. Khan, J. J. Gourley, Z. L. Flamig, D. Kirschbaum, G. Tang, 2014: A cloud-based global flood disaster community cyber-infrastructure: Development and demonstration. Environmental Modelling and Software, 58, 86–94, doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.04.007/.

Warde, D. A., S. M. Torres, 2014: The Autocorrelation Spectral Density for Doppler-Weather-Radar Signal Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 52, 508–518, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2013.2241775.

Wheatley, D. M., N. Yussouf, D. J. Stensrud, 2014: Ensemble Kalman filter analyses and forecasts of a severe mesoscale convective system using different choices of microphysics schemes. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 3243–3263, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00260.1.

Xu, Q. , L. Wei, 2013: Prognostic equation for radar radial velocity derived by considering atmospheric refraction and earth curvature. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 3328–3338.

Xu, Q. , K. Nai, 2013: A two-step variational method for analyzing severely aliased radar velocity observations with small Nyquist velocities. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc, 139, 1904–1911, doi:10.1002/qj.2075.

Xu, Q. , Y. Jiang, L. Liu, 2014: Fitting parametric vortex to aliased Doppler velocities scanned from hurricane. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 94–106.

Xue, M. , F. Kong, K. W. Thomas, J. Gao, Y. Wang, K. A. Brewster, 2013: Prediction of convective storms at convection-resolving 1-km resolution over continental United States with radar data assimilation: An example case of 26 May 2008. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–9, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/259052.

Yong, B. , B. Chen, J. J. Gourley, L. Ren, Y. Hong, X. Chen, W. Wang, S. Chen, L. Gong, 2013: Intercomparison of the Version-6 and Version-7 TMPA precipitation products over high and low latitudes basins with independent gauge networks: Is the newer version better in both real-time and post-real-time analysis for water resources and hydrologic extremes?. Journal of Hydrology, 508, 77–87, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.10.050.

Yussouf, N. , E. R. Mansell, L. J. Wicker, D. M. Wheatley, D. J. Stensrud, 2013: The Ensemble Kalman Filter Analyses and Forecasts of the 8 May 2003 Oklahoma City Tornadic Supercell Storm Using Single- and Double-Moment Microphysics Schemes. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3388–3412, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00237.1.

Yussouf, N. , J. Gao, D. J. Stensrud, G. Ge, 2013: The Impact of Mesoscale Environmental Uncertainty on the Prediction of a Tornadic Supercell Storm Using Ensemble Data Assimilation Approach. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 1–15, doi:10.1155/2013/731647.

Zhang, J. , Y. Qi, C. Langston, B. Kaney, K. Howard, 2014: A Real-Time Algorithm for Merging Radar QPEs with Rain Gauge Observations and Orographic Precipitation Climatology. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1794–1809, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-13-0163.1.

Zhang, Y. , Y. Hong, X. G. Wang, J. J. Gourley, J. Gao, H. J. Vergara, B. Yong, 2013: Assimilation of passive microwave streamflow signals for improving flood forecasting: A first study in Cubango River Basin, Africa. Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 6, 2375–2390, doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2013.2251321.

Zhao, L. , S. Wang, J. Jin, A. J. Clark, 2014: Weather Research and Forecasting model simulations of a rare springtime bow echo near the Great Salt Lake. Meteorological Applications, 10, 1–13, doi:10.1002/met.1455.

Zhao, Q. , F. Zhang, T. Holt, C. H. Bishop, Q. Xu, 2013: Development of a mesoscale ensemble data assimilation system at the naval research laboratory. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 1322–1336.

Ziegler, C. L., 2013: A Diabatic Lagrangian Technique for the Analysis of Convective Storms. Part I: Description and Validation via an Observing System Simulation Experiment. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 2248–2265, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00194.1.

Ziegler, C. L., 2013: A Diabatic Lagrangian Technique for the Analysis of Convective Storms. Part II: Application to a Radar-Observed Storm. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 2266–2280, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00036.1.

Zrnic, D. , R. J. Doviak, V. M. Melnikov, I. R. Ivic, 2014: Signal design to suppress coupling in the polarimetric phased array radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 52, 1063–1077.

Špitalar, M. , J. J. Gourley, C. Lutoff, P. E. Kirstetter, M. Brilly, N. Carr, 2014: Analysis of flash flood parameters and human impacts in the US from 2006 to 2012. Journal of Hydrology, 519, 863–870, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.07.004.

FY 2013 — 107 publications

Alapaty, K. , J. A. Herwehe, T. L. Otte, C. G. Nolte, O. R. Bullock, M. S. Mallard, J. S. Kain, J. Dudhia, 2012: Introducing subgrid-scale cloud feedbacks to radiation for regional meteorological and climate modeling. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L24809–L24809, doi:10.1029/2012GL054031.

Andric, J. , M. R. Kumjian, D. S. Zrnic, J. M. Straka, V. M. Melnikov, 2013: Polarimetric signatures above the melting layer in winter storms: an observational and modeling study. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 682–700.

Bennartz, R. , M. D. Shupe, D. D. Turner, V. P. Walden, K. Steffen, C. J. Cox, M. S. Kulie, N. B. Miller, C. Pettersen, 2013: July 2012 Greenland melt extent enhanced by low-level liquid clouds. Nature, 496, 83–86, doi:10.1038/nature12002.

Bodine, D. , M. Kumjian, R. Palmer, P. Heinselman, A. Ryzhkov, 2013: Tornado Damage Estimation Using Polarimetric Radar. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 139–158.

Brooks, H. E., 2013: Severe thunderstorms and climate change. Atmospheric Research, 123, 129–138, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.04.002.

Brown, R. A., V. T. Wood, 2012: Simulated vortex detection using a four-face phased-array Doppler radar. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1598–1603, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00059.1.

Buban, M. S., C. L. Ziegler, E. R. Mansell, Y. P. Richardson, 2012: Simulation of Dryline Misovortex Dynamics and Cumulus Formation. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 3525–3551, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00189.1.

Cadeddu, M. P., J. C. Liljegren, D. D. Turner, 2013: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program network of microwave radiometers: Instrumentation, data, and retrievals. Atmos. Meas. Technol, 6, 2359–2372, doi:10.5194/amt-6-2359-2013.

Calhoun, K. M., D. R. MacGorman, C. L. Ziegler, M. I. Biggerstaff, 2013: Evolution of Lightning Activity and Storm Charge Relative to Dual-Doppler Analysis of a High-Precipitation Supercell Storm. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2199–2223, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00258.1.

Calianno, M. , I. Ruin, J. J. Gourley, 2013: Supplementing flash flood reports with impact classifications. Journal of Hydrology, 477, 1–16, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.09.036.

Cao, Q. , Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, Y. Qi, J. Zhang, Y. Wen, P. E. Kirstetter, 2013: Statistical and physical analysis of the vertical structure of precipitation in mountainous west region of the United States using 11+ years of spaceborne observations from TRMM precipitation radar. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 408–424, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-095.1.

Cao, Q. , Y. Hong, Y. Qi, Y. Wen, J. Zhang, J. J. Gourley, L. Liao, 2013: Empirical conversion of the vertical profile of reflectivity from Ku-band to S-band frequency. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1814–1825, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50138.

Chen, H. , D. Yang, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, Y. Zhang, 2013: Hydrological data assimilation with the Ensemble Square-Root-Filter: Use of streamflow observations to update model states for real-time flash flood forecasting. Advances in Water Resources, 59, 209–220, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.06.010.

Chen, S. , J. J. Gourley, Y. Hong, P. E. Kirstetter, J. Zhang, K. W. Howard, Z. L. Flamig, J. Hu, Y. Qi, 2013: Evaluation and uncertainty estimation of NOAA/NSSL next-generation National Mosaic Quantitative Precipitation Estimation product (Q2) over the Continental United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1308–1322, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0150.1.

Cintineo, J. L., T. M. Smith, V. Lakshmanan, H. E. Brooks, K. L. Ortega, 2012: An objective high-resolution hail climatology of the contiguous United States. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1235–1248, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-11-00151.1.

Cintineo, R. M., D. J. Stensrud, 2013: On the predictability of supercell thunderstorm evolution. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 1993–2011, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0166.1.

Clark, A. J., J. S. Kain, P. T. Marsh, J. Correia, M. Xue, F. Kong, 2012: Forecasting tornado path lengths using a 3-dimensional object identification algorithm applied to convection-allowing forecasts. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1090–1113.

Clark, A. J., J. Gao, P. T. Marsh, T. Smith, J. S. Kain, J. Correia, M. Xue, F. Kong, 2013: Tornado path length forecasts from 2010-2011 using ensmble updraft helicity. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 387–407.

Coffer, B. E., L. C. Maudlin, P. G. Veals, A. J. Clark, 2013: Dryline position errors in experimental convection-allowing NSSL-WRF Model forecasts and the operational NAM. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 746–761.

Coniglio, M. C., J. Correia, P. T. Marsh, F. Kong, 2013: Verification of Convection-Allowing WRF Model Forecasts of the Planetary Boundary Layer using Sounding Observations. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 842–862, doi:dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00026.1.

Davies-Jones, R. , P. Markowski, 2013: Lifting of Ambient Air by Density Currents in Sheared Environments. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 1204–1215, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-12-0149.1.

Fierro, A. O., L. M. Leslie, 2013: Links between Central West Western Australian Rainfall Variability and Large-Scale Climate Drivers. Journal of Climate, 26, 2222–2246, doi:JCLI-D-12-00129.1.

Fierro, A. O., E. R. Mansell, D. R. MacGorman, C. L. Ziegler, 2013: The implementation of an explicit charging and discharge lightning scheme within the WRF-ARW model: Benchmark simulations of a continental squall line, a tropical cyclone and a winter storm. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2390–2415, doi:MWR-D-12-00278.1.

Gagne II, D. J., A. McGovern, J. B. Basara, R. A. Brown, 2012: Tornadic supercell environment analyzed using surface and reanalysis data: A spatiotemporal relational data-mining approach. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51, 2203–2217, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-060.1.

Gao, J. , T. M. Smith, D. J. Stensrud, C. Fu, K. Calhoun, K. L. Manross, J. Brogden, V. Lakshmanan, Y. Wang, K. W. Thomas, K. Brewster, M. Xue, 2013: A Real-Time Weather-Adaptive 3DVAR Analysis System for Severe Weather Detections and Warnings. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 727–745, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-12-00093.1.

Ge, G. , J. Gao, M. Xue, 2013: Impacts of Assimilating Measurements of Different State Variables with a Simulated Supercell Storm and Three-Dimensional Variational Method. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2759–2777, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00193.1.

Gourley, J. J., Y. Hong, Z. L. Flamig, A. Arthur, R. A. Clark, M. Calianno, I. Ruin, T. Ortel, M. E. Wieczorek, E. Clark, P. E. Kirstetter, W. F. Krajewski, 2013: A unified flash flood database across the United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 799–805, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00198.1.

Hansen, C. , M. L. Kaplan, S. A. Mensing, S. J. Underwood, J. M. Lewis, K. C. King, J. E. Haugland, 2013: They just don't make storms like this one anymore: Analyzing the anomalous record snowfall event of 1959. J. Operational Meteorology, one, 52–65.

Hitchens, N. M., H. E. Brooks, 2012: Evaluation of the Storm Prediction Center's Day 1 Convective Outlooks. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1580–1585.

Hitchens, N. M., H. E. Brooks, 2013: Preliminary investigation of the contribution of supercell thunderstorms to the climatology of heavy and extreme precipitation in the United States. Atmospheric Research, 123, 206–210, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.06.023.

Hitchens, N. M., H. E. Brooks, M. P. Kay, 2013: Objective Limits on Forecasting Skill of Rare Events. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 525–534, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00113.1.

Hu, X. , P. Klein, M. Xue, J. Lundquist, F. Zhang, Y. Qi, 2013: Impact of Low-Level Jets on the Nocturnal Urban Heat Island Intensity in Oklahoma City. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 1779–1802.

Jiang, Y. , Q. Xu, P. Zhang, K. Nai, L. Liu, 2013: Using WSR-88D polarimetric data to identify bird-contaminated Doppler velocities. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 286–298, doi:10.1155/2013/769275.

Jones, T. A., D. J. Stensrud, P. Minnis, R. Palikonda, 2013: Evaluation of a Forward Operator to Assimilate Cloud Water Path into WRF-DART. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2272–2289.

Jones, T. A., J. A. Otkin, D. J. Stensrud, K. Knopfmeier, 2013: Assimilation of satellite infrared radiances and Doppler radar observations during a cool season Observing System Simulation Experiment. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3273–3299.

Kain, J. S., M. C. Coniglio, J. Correia, A. J. Clark, P. T. Marsh, C. L. Ziegler, V. Lakshmanan, S. D. Miller, S. R. Dembek, S. J. Weiss, F. Kong, M. Xue, R. A. Sobash, A. R. Dean, I. L. Jirak, 2013: A Feasibility Study for Probabilistic Convection Initiation Forecasts Based on Explicit Numerical Guidance. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 1213–1225, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00264.1.

Kaltenboeck, R. , A. Ryzhkov, 2013: Comparison of polarimetric signatures of hail at S and C bands for different hail sizes. Atmospheric Research, 123, 323–336.

Kaplan, M. L., R. Vellore, J. M. Lewis, S. J. Underwood, P. M. Pauley, J. E. Martin, R. Krishnan, 2013: Re-examination of the I-5 dust storm. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1–19, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50131,2013.

Kirstetter, P. E., Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, M. Schwaller, W. Petersen, J. Zhang, 2013: Comparison of TRMM 2A25 products, version 6 and version 7, with NOAA/NSSL ground radar-based National Mosaic QPE. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 661–669, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-030.1.

Knopfmeier, K. H., D. J. Stensrud, 2013: Influence of mesonet observations on the accuracy of surface analyses generated by an Ensemble Kalman Filter. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 815–841, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00078.1.

Kumjian, M. R., S. M. Ganson, A. V. Ryzhkov, 2012: Freezing of raindrops in deep convective updrafts: A microphysical and polarimetric model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69, 3471–3490, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-12-067.1.

Kunkel, K. E., T. R. Karl, H. E. Brooks, J. Kossin, J. H. Lawrimore, D. Arndt, L. Bosart, D. Changnon, S. L. Cutter, N. Doesken, K. Emanuel, P. Y. Groisman, R. W. Katz, T. Knutson, J. O'Brien, C. J. Paciorek, T. C. Peterson, K. Redmond, D. Robinson, R. J. Trapp, S. Weaver, M. Wehner, K. Wolter, D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and Understanding Trends in Extreme Storms: State of Knowledge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 499–514, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00262.1.

Lakshmanan, V. , J. Crockett, K. Sperrow, M. Ba, L. Xin, 2012: Tuning the Auto-Nowcaster Automatically. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1568–1579.

Lakshmanan, V. , K. Hondl, C. Potvin, D. Priegnitz, 2013: An improved method to compute radar echo top heights. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 481–488, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00084.1.

Lakshmanan, V. , M. Miller, T. Smith, 2013: Quality control of accumulated fields by applying spatial and temporal constraints. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 745–757, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00128.1.

Lakshmivarahan, S. , J. M. Lewis, D. Phan, 2013: Data assimilation as a problem in optimal tracking: Application of Pontryagin's Minimum Principle t oAtmospheric Science. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 1257–1277, doi:http://dx.doi.org.10.1175/JAS-D-12-0217.1.

Lei, L. , G. Zhang, R. J. Doviak, 2013: Bias Correction for Polarimetric Phased-Array Radar with Idealized Aperture and Patch Antenna Elements. IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, January, 473–489, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2198070.

Li, Y. , G. Zhang, R. J. Doviak, D. S. Saxion, 2013: Scan-to-Scan Correlation of Weather Radar Signals to Identify Ground Clutter. IEEE Trans. on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 10, 855–859, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2012.2226233.

Li, Y. , G. Zhang, R. J. Doviak, L. Lei, Q. Cao, 2013: A New Approach to Detect Ground Clutter Mixed with Weather Signals. IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51, 2373–2387, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2209658.

Lu, G. , S. A. Cummer, J. Li, L. Zigoneau, W. A. Lyons, M. A. Stanley, W. Rison, P. R. Krehbiel, H. E. Edens, R. J. Thomas, W. H. Beasley, S. A. Weiss, R. J. Blakeslee, E. C. Bruning, D. R. MacGorman, T. C. Meyer, K. Palivec, T. Ashcraft, T. Samaras, 2013: Coordinated observations of sprites and in-cloud lightning flash structure. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 6607–6632, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50459.

Lynn, B. H., Y. Yair, C. Price, G. Kelman, A. J. Clark, 2012: Predicting cloud-to-ground and intracloud lightning in weather forecast models. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1470–1488.

Maggioni, V. , H. J. Vergara, E. N. Anagnostou, J. J. Gourley, Y. Hong, D. Stampoulis, 2013: Investigating the applicability of error correction ensembles of satellite rainfall products in river flow simulations. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1194–1211, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-074.1.

Makowski, J. A., D. R. MacGorman, M. I. Biggerstaff, W. H. Beasley, 2013: Total lightning characteristics relative to radar and satellite observations of Oklahoma mesoscale convective systems. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 1593–1611, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00268.1.

Mansell, E. R., C. L. Ziegler, 2013: Aerosol Effects on Simulated Storm Electrification and Precipitation in a Two-Moment Bulk Microphysics Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 2032–2050, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0264.1.

Marin, J. C., D. Pozo, E. J. Mlawer, D. D. Turner, M. Cure, 2013: Dynamics of Local Circulations in Mountainous Terrain during the RHUBC-II Project. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3641–3656, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00245.1.

Mazur, V. , L. H. Ruhnke, T. A. Warner, R. E. Orville, 2013: Recoil Leader formation and development. Journal of Electrostatics, 71, 763–768.

McGovern, A. , N. Troutman, R. A. Brown, J. K. Williams, J. Abernethy, 2013: Enhanced spatiotemporal relational probability trees and forests. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 26, 398–433, doi:10.1007/s10618-012-0261-2.

Melnikov, V. M., J. M. Straka, 2013: Axis ratios and flutter angles of cloud ice particles: Retrievals from radar data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1691–1703, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00212.1.

Melnikov, V. M., R. J. Doviak, D. S. Zrnic, D. J. Stensrud, 2013: Structures of Bragg scatter observed with the polarimetric WSR-88D. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1253–1258, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00210.1.

Miller, M. , V. Lakshmanan, T. Smith, 2013: An automated method for depicting mesocyclone paths and intensities. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 570–585, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00065.1.

Miller, N. B., D. D. Turner, R. Bennartz, M. D. Shupe, M. S. Kulie, M. P. Cadeddu, V. P. Walden, 2013: Surface-based Inversions above Central Greenland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1–12, doi:10.1029/2012JD018867.

Nai, F. , S. Torres, R. Palmer, 2013: On the mitigation of wind-turbine clutter for weather radars using range-Doppler spectral processing. IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation, 7, 178–190, doi:10.1049/iet-rsn.2012.0225.

Newman, J. F., P. L. Heinselman, 2012: Evolution of a Quasi-Linear Convective System Sampled by Phased Array Radar. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 3467–3486, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00003.1.

Newman, J. , V. Lakshmanan, P. Heinselman, M. Richman, T. Smith, 2013: Range-Correcting Azimuthal Shear in Doppler Radar Data. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 194–211, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-11-00154.1.

Newsom, R. K., D. D. Turner, J. E. M. Goldsmith, 2013: Long-term Evaluation of Temperature Profiles Measured by an Operational Raman Lidar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1616–1634, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00138.1.

Peterson, T. C., R. R. Heim, R. Hirsch, D. P. Kaiser, H. Brooks, N. S. Diffenbaugh, R. M. Dole, J. P. Giovannettone, K. Guirguis, T. R. Karl, R. W. Katz, K. Kunkel, D. Lettenmaier, G. J. McCabe, C. J. Paciorek, K. R. Ryberg, S. Schubert, V. B. Silva, B. C. Stewart, A. V. Veccnia, G. Villarini, R. S. Vose, J. Walsh, M. Wehner, D. Wolock, K. Wolter, C. A. Woodhouse, D. Wuebbles, 2013: Monitoring and Understanding Changes in Heat Waves, Cold Waves, Floods and Droughts in the United States: State of Knowledge. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 821–834, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00066.1.

Potvin, C. K., D. Betten, L. J. Wicker, K. L. Elmore, M. I. Biggerstaff, 2012: 3DVAR versus Traditional Dual-Doppler Wind Retrievals of a Simulated Supercell Thunderstorm. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 3487–3494, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00063.1.

Potvin, C. K., L. J. Wicker, 2012: Comparison between Dual-Doppler and EnKF Storm-Scale Wind Analyses: Observing System Simulation Experiments with a Supercell Thunderstorm. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 3972–3991, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00044.1.

Potvin, C. K., L. J. Wicker, M. I. Biggerstaff, D. Betten, A. Shapiro, 2013: Comparison between Dual-Doppler and EnKF Storm-Scale Wind Analyses: The 29–30 May 2004 Geary, Oklahoma, Supercell Thunderstorm. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 1612–1628, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00308.1.

Potvin, C. K., L. J. Wicker, 2013: Assessing Ensemble Forecasts of Low-Level Supercell Rotation within an OSSE Framework. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 940–960, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-12-00122.1.

Potvin, C. K., 2013: A variational method for detecting and characterizing convective vortices in Cartesian wind fields. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3102–3115, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00015.1.

Privé, N. C., Y. Xie, J. Woolen, S. E. Koch, R. Atlas, R. E. Hood, 2013: Evaluation of the Earth Systems Research Laboratory’s global Observing System Simulation Experiment system. Tellus A, 65, n/a–n/a, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.19011.

Qi, Y. , J. Zhang, P. Zhang, Q. Cao, 2013: VPR correction of bright band effects in radar QPEs using polarimetric radar observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 3627–3633, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50364.

Ralph, F. M., S. Koch, J. Kain, T. Smith, . Coauthors, 2013: The Emergence of Weather-Related Test Beds Linking Research and Forecasting Operations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 1187–1211, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00080.1.

Reeves, H. D., D. T. Dawson II, 2013: The Dependence of QPF on the Choice of Microphysical Parameterization for Lake-Effect Snowstorms. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 363–377.

Ruin, I. , C. Lutoff, L. Creton-Cazanave, S. Anquetin, M. Borga, S. Chardonnel, J. Creutin, J. Gourley, E. Gruntfest, S. Nobert, J. Thielen, 2012: Towards a space-time framework for integrated water and society studies. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, ES89–ES91, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00226.1.

Sakai, T. , D. N. Whiteman, F. Russo, D. D. Turner, I. Veselovskii, S. H. Melfi, T. Nagai, Y. Mano, 2013: Liquid Water Cloud Measurements Using the Raman Lidar Technique: Current Understanding and Future Research Needs. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1337–1353, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00099.1.

Schumacher, R. S., A. J. Clark, M. Xue, F. Kong, 2013: Factors influencing the development and maintenance of nocturnal heavy-rain-producing convective systems in a storm-scale ensemble. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2778–2801.

Shimose, K. , M. Xue, R. D. Palmer, J. Gao, B. L. Cheong, D. J. Bodine, 2013: Two-Dimensional Variational Analysis of Near-Surface Moisture from Simulated Radar Refractivity-Related Phase Change Observations. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 30, 291–305, doi:10.1007/s00376-012-2087-7.

Shupe, M. D., D. D. Turner, V. P. Walden, R. Bennartz, M. P. Cadeddu, B. B. Castellani, C. J. Cox, D. R. Hudak, M. S. Kulie, N. B. Miller, R. R. Neely III, W. D. Neff, P. M. Rowe, 2013: High and Dry: New Observations of Tropospheric and Cloud Properties above the Greenland Ice Sheet. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 169–186, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00249.1.

Sieglaff, J. , D. Hartung, W. Feltz, L. Cronce, V. Lakshmanan, 2013: A Satellite-Based Convective Cloud Object Tracking and Multipurpose Data Fusion Tool with Application to Developing Convection. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 510–525, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00114.1.

Smith, B. T., R. L. Thompson, J. S. Grams, C. Broyles, H. E. Brooks, 2012: Convective modes for significant severe thunderstorms in the contiguous United States. Part I: Storm classification and climatology. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1114–1135, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-11-00115.1.

Stensrud, D. J., L. J. Wicker, M. Xue, D. T. Dawson II, N. Yussouf, D. M. Wheatley, T. E. Thompson, N. A. Snook, T. M. Smith, A. D. Schenkmn, C. K. Potvin, E. R. Mansell, T. Lei, K. M. Kuhlman, Y. Jung, T. A. Jones, J. Gao, M. C. Coniglio, H. E. Brooks, K. A. Brewster, 2013: Progress and challenges with Warn-on-Forecast. Atmospheric Research, 123, 2–16, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.04.004.

Stensrud, D. J., 2013: Upscale Effects of Deep Convection during the North American Monsoon. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70, 2681–2695, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-13-063.1.

Stratman, D. R., M. C. Coniglio, S. E. Koch, M. Xue, 2013: Use of Multiple Verification Methods to Evaluate Forecasts of Convection from Hot- and Cold-Start Convection-Allowing Models. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 119–138, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-12-00022.1.

Tanamachi, R. , L. J. Wicker, D. C. Dowell, H. B. Bluestein, 2013: Assimilation of high-resolution, mobile Doppler radar data into EnKF analyses of the 4 May 2007 Greensburg, Kansas supercell storm. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 625–648, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-12-00099.1.

Thorsen, T. J., Q. Fu, J. M. Comstock, C. Sivaraman, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, D. D. Turner, 2013: Macrophysical properties of tropical cirrus clouds from the CALIPSO satellite and from ground-based micropulse and Raman lidars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1–12, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50691.

Tollerud, E. I., B. Etherton, Z. Toth, I. Jankov, T. L. Jensen, H. Yuan, L. S. Wharton, P. T. McCaslin, E. Mirvis, B. Kuo, B. G. Brown, L. Nance, S. E. Koch, F. A. Eckel, 2013: The DTC ensembles task: A new testing and evaluation facility for mesoscale ensembles. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 321–327, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00209.1.

Torres, S. M., C. D. Curtis, 2013: The importance of accurately measuring the range correlation for range oversampling processing. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 261–273, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00085.1.

Trapp, R. J., H. E. Brooks, 2013: Regional Characterization of Tornado Activity. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52, 654–659, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0173.1.

Turner, D. D., P. J. Gero, D. C. Tobin, 2012: The far-infrared: Focusing on a relatively underexplored portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, ES103–ES104, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00007.1.

Wagner, T. J., D. D. Turner, L. K. Berg, S. K. Krueger, 2013: Ground-based Remote Retrievals of Cumulus Entrainment Rates. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1460–1471, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00187.1.

Wang, Y. , J. Zhang, A. V. Ryzhkov, L. Tang, 2013: C-Band Polarimetric Radar QPE Based on Specific Differential Propagation Phase for Extreme Typhoon Rainfall. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1354–1370, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00083.1.

Ware, R. , D. Cimini, E. Campos, G. Giuliani, S. Albers, M. Nelson, S. E. Koch, P. Joe, S. Cober, 2013: Thermodynamic and liquid profiling during the 2010 Winter Olympics. Atmospheric Research, 132-133, 278–290.

Wen, Y. , Q. Cao, P. E. Kirstetter, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, J. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Yong, 2013: Incorporating NASA spaceborne radar data into NOAA National Mosaic QPE system for improved precipitation measurement: A physically based VPR identification and enhancement method. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1293–1307, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0106.1.

Wood, V. T., L. W. White, H. E. Willoughby, D. P. Jorgensen, 2013: A new parametric tropical cyclone tangential wind profile model. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 1884–1909, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00115.1.

Wood, V. T., L. W. White, 2013: A parametric wind-pressure relationship for Rankine versus non-Rankine cyclostrophic vortices. Monthly Weather Review, 30, 2850–2867, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00041.1.

Xu, Q. , K. Nai, 2012: An adaptive dealiasing method based on variational analysis for radar radial velocities scanned with small Nyquist velocities. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 1723–1729.

Xu, Q. , K. Nai, S. Liu, C. Karstens, T. Smith, Q. Zhao, 2013: Improved Doppler velocity dealiasing for radar data assimilation and storm-scale vortex detection. Advances in Meteorology, 2013, 517–526, doi:10.1155/2013/562386.

Xue, X. , Y. Hong, A. S. Limaye, J. J. Gourley, G. J. Huffman, S. I. Khan, C. Dorji, S. Chen, 2013: Statistical and hydrological evaluation of TRMM-based Multi-satellite Precipitation Analysis over the Wangchu Basin of Bhutan: Are the latest satellite precipitation products 3B42V7 ready for use in ungauged basins?. Journal of Hydrology, 499, 91–99, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.06.042.

Yong, B. , L. Ren, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, Y. Tian, G. J. Huffman, X. Chen, W. Wang, Y. Wen, 2013: First evaluation of the climatological calibration algorithm in the real-time TMPA precipitation estimates over two basins at high and low latitudes. Water Resources Research, 49, 2461–2472, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20246.

Yong, B. , L. Ren, Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, X. Chen, J. Dong, W. Wang, Y. Shen, J. Hardy, 2013: Spatial-temporal changes of water resources in a typical semiarid basin of North China over the past 50 years and assessment of possible natural and socioeconomic causes. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1009–1034, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0116.1.

Yuter, S. E., M. A. Miller, M. D. Parker, P. M. Markowski, Y. Richardson, H. Brooks, J. M. Straka, 2013: Commentary on “Why do tornados and hailstorms rest on weekends?” by D. Rosenfeld and T. Bell. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1–7, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50526.

Zahraei, A. , K. L. Hsu, S. Sorooshian, J. J. Gourley, Y. Hong, A. Behrangi, 2013: Short-term quantitative precipitation forecasting using an object-based approach. Journal of Hydrology, 483, 1–15, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.09.052.

Zhang, J. , Y. Qi, D. Kingsmill, K. Howard, 2012: Radar-based quantitative precipitation estimation for the cool season in complex terrain: case studies from the noaa hydrometeorology testbed. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1836–1854.

Zhang, K. , X. Liu, M. Wang, J. M. Comstock, D. L. Mitchell, S. Mishra, G. G. Mace, 2013: Evaluating and constraining ice cloud parameterizations in CAM5 using aircraft measurements from the SPARTICUS campaign. Atmos. Chem. Phys, 13, 4963–4982, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4963-2013.

Zhang, P. , D. Zrnic, A. Ryzhkov, 2013: Partial Beam Blockage Correction Using Polarimetric Radar Measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 861–872, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00075.1.

FY 2012 — 94 publications

Amitai, E. , W. Petersen, S. Vasiloff, 2012: Multiplatform Comparisons of Rain Intensity for Extreme Precipitation Events. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50, 675–686, doi:: 10.1109/TGRS.2011.2162737.

Bikos, D. , D. T. Lindsey, J. Otkin, J. Sieglaff, L. Grasso, C. Siewert, J. Correia, M. Coniglio, R. Rabin, J. S. Kain, S. Dembek, 2012: Synthetic Satellite Imagery for Real-Time High-Resolution Model Evaluation. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 784–795, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-11-00130.1.

Bodine, D. , D. Michaud, R. D. Palmer, P. L. Heinselman, J. Brotzge, N. Gasperoni, B. L. Cheong, M. Xue, J. Gao, 2011: Understanding radar refractivity: Sources of uncertainty. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 2543–2560, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2011JAMC2648.1.

Borowska, L. , D. Zrnic, A. Ryzhkov, P. Zhang, 2011: Polarimetric Estimates of a 1-Month Accumulation of Light Rain with a 3-cm Wavelength Radar. JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 12, 1024–1039, doi:10.1175/2011JHM1339.1.

Borowska, L. , D. Zrnic, 2012: Use of Ground Clutter to Monitor Polarimetric Radar Calibration. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 159–176, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00036.1.

Brown, R. A., V. T. Wood, 2012: The tornadic vortex signature: An update. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 525–530.

Cao, J. , Q. Xu, 2011: Computing streamfunction and velocity potential in a limited domain. Part II: Numerical methods and test experiments. Adv. Atmos. Sci, 28, 1445–1458, doi:10.1007/s00376-011-0186-5.

Chilson, P. B., W. F. Frick, J. f. Kelly, K. W. Howard, R. P. Larkin, R. H. Diehl, J. K. Westbrook, T. A. Kelly, T. H. Kunz, 2012: Partly Cloudy with a Chance of Migration: Weather, Radars, and Aeroecology. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 669–686, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00099.1.

Clark, A. J., S. J. Weiss, J. S. Kain, I. L. Jirak, M. C. Coniglio, C. J. Melick, C. Siewert, R. A. Sobash, P. T. Marsh, A. R. Dean, M. Xue, F. Kong, K. W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, J. Du, D. R. Novak, F. E. Barthold, M. J. Bodner, J. J. Levit, C. B. Entwistle, T. L. Jensen, J. C. Correia, 2012: An Overview of the 2010 Hazardous Weather Testbed Experimental Forecast Program Spring Experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 139, 55–74.

Coniglio, M. C., S. F. Corfidi, J. S. Kain, 2012: Views on Applying RKW Theory: An Illustration Using the 8 May 2009 Derecho-Producing Convective System. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 1023–1043, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00026.1.

Coniglio, M. C., 2012: Verification of RUC 0-1-hour forecasts and SPC Mesoscale Analyses using VORTEX2 Soundings. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 667–683, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-11-00096.1.

Crowe, C. C., C. J. Schultz, M. R. Kumjian, L. D. Carey, W. A. Petersen, 2012: Use of dual-polarization signatures in diagnosing tornadic potential. Electronic Journal of Operational Meteorology, 13(5), 57-–78.

Curtis, C. D., S. M. Torres, 2011: Adaptive Range Oversampling to Achieve Faster Scanning on the National Weather Radar Testbed Phased-Array Radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 1581–1597, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-10-05042.1.

Dahl, J. , M. Parker, L. J. Wicker, 2012: Uncertainties in trajectory analyses within near-surface mesocyclones of simulated supercells. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 2959–2966, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00131.1.

Dawson, D. T., L. J. Wicker, E. R. Mansell, R. L. Tanamachi, 2012: Impact from the environmental wind profile on ensemble forecasts of the 4 May 2007 Greensburg tornado and its associated mesoscyclones. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 696–712, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00008.1.

Doswell III, C. A., G. W. Carbin, H. E. Brooks, 2012: The tornadoes of spring 2011 in the USA: an historical perspective. Weather, 67, 88–94, doi:10.1002/wea.1902.

Elmore, K. L., P. L. Heinselman, D. J. Stensrud, 2012: Using WSR-88D Data and Insolation Estimates to Determine Convective Boundary Layer Depth. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 581–588, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00043.1.

Fang, M. , R. J. Doviak, B. A. Albrecht, 2012: Analytical Expressionss for Doppler Spectra from a Vertically Directed Radar Beam. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 500–509, doi:10.1175JTECH-D-11-00005.1.

Fierro, A. O., E. Mansell, C. Ziegler, D. MacGorman, 2012: Application of a Lightning Data Assimilation Technique in the WRF-ARW Model at Cloud-Resolving Scales for the Tornado Outbreak of 24 May 2011. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 2609–2627, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00299.1.

FIERRO, A. O., E. J. ZIPSER, M. A. LeMone, J. M. Straka, J. Simpson, 2012: Tropical Oceanic Hot Towers: Need They Be Undilute to Transport Energy from the Boundary Layer to the Upper Troposphere Effectively? An Answer Based on Trajectory Analysis of a Simulation of a TOGA COARE Convective System. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69, 195–213, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-11-0147.1.

Frick, W. F., P. M. Stepanian, J. F. Kelly, K. W. Howard, C. M. Kuster, T. H. Kunz, P. B. Chilson, 2012: Climate and Weather Impact Timing of Emergence of Bats. PLoS ONE, 7(8): e42737, 1–8, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042737.

Galletti, M. , D. S. Zrnic, V. M. Melnikov, R. J. Doviak, 2012: Degree of Polarization at Horizontal Transmit: Theory and Applications for Weather Radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50, 1291–1301, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2167516.

Gallo, K. , T. Smith, K. Jungbluth, P. Schumacher, 2012: Hail Swaths Observed from Satellite Data and Their Relation to Radar and Surface-Based Observations: A Case Study from Iowa in 2009. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 796–802, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-11-00118.1.

Gao, J. , D. J. Stensrud, 2012: Assimilation of Reflectivity Data in a Convective-Scale, Cycled 3DVAR Framework with Hydrometeor Classification. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69, 1054–1065.

Ge, G. , J. Gao, M. Xue, 2012: Diagnostic Pressure Equation as a Weak Constraint in a Storm-Scale Three-Dimensional Variational Radar Data Assimilation System. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 1075–1092, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00201.1.

Godinez, H. C., J. M. Reisner, A. O. Fierro, S. R. Guimond, J. Kao, 2012: Determining Key Model Parameters of Rapidly Intensifying Hurricane Guillermo (1997) Using the Ensemble Kalman Filter. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69, 3147–3171, doi:JAS-D-12-022.1.

Gourley, J. J., Y. Hong, Z. L. Flamig, J. Wang, H. Vergara, E. N. Anagnostou, 2011: Hydrologic Evaluation of Rainfall Estimates from Radar, Satellite, Gauge, and Combinations on Ft. Cobb Basin, Oklahoma. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12, 973–988, doi:10.1175/2011JHM1287.1.

Gourley, J. J., J. M. Erlingis, Y. Hong, E. B. Wells, 2012: Evaluation of tools used for monitoring and forecasting flash floods in the United States. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 158–173, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-10-05043.1.

Heinselman, P. L., D. S. LaDue, H. Lazrus, 2012: Exploring Impacts of Rapid-Scan Radar Data on NWS Warning Decisions. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 1031–1044, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-11-00145.1.

Hobson, A. , V. Lakshmanan, T. Smith, M. Richman, 2012: An automated technique to categorize storm type from radar and near-storm environment data. Atmospheric Research, 111, 104–113, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.03.004.

Isaac, G. A., P. I. Joe, J. Mailhot, M. Bailey, S. Belair, F. S. Boudala, M. Brugman, E. Campos, R. L. Carpenter, R. W. Crawford, S. G. Cober, B. Denis, C. Doyle, H. D. Reeves, I. Gultepe, T. Haiden, I. Heckman, L. X. Huang, J. A. Milbrandt, R. Mo, R. M. Rasmussen, T. Smith, R. E. Stewart, D. Wang, L. J. Wilson, 2012: Science of nowcasting olympic weather for Vancouver 2010 (SNOW-V10): A world weather research programme project. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 1, 1–24, doi:10.1007/s00024-012-0579-0.

Ivic, I. R., D. S. Zrnic, T. Yu, 2012: Threshold Calculation for Coherent Detection in Dual-Polarization Weather Radars. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 48, 2198–2215, doi:10.1109/TAES.2012.6237588.

Jones, T. A., D. J. Stensrud, 2012: Assimilating AIRS Temperature and Mixing Ratio Profiles Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter Approach for Convective-Scale Forecasts. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 541–564, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-11-00090.1.

Jorgensen, D. P., M. N. Hanshaw, K. M. Schmidt, J. L. Laber, D. M. Staley, J. W. Kean, P. J. Restrepo, 2011: Value of a Dual-Polarized Gap-Filling Radar in Support of Southern California Post-Fire Debris-Flow Warnings. J. Hydrometeor, 12, 1581–1595, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-11-05.1.

Kaplan, M. L., R. K. Vellore, J. M. Lewis, M. Young, 2011: The role of unbalanced mesoscale circulations in dust storms. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 116, 218–247, doi:10.1029/2011JD016218,2011.

Kaplan, M. L., R. K. Vellore, P. J. Marzette, J. M. Lewis, 2012: Upstream midtropospheric circulation enabling leeside (spillover) precipitation over the Sierra Nevada. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1372–1394.

Kelly, J. F., J. R. Shipley, P. B. Chilson, K. W. Howard, W. F. Frick, T. H. Kunz, 2012: Quantifying animal phenology in the aerosphere at a continental scale using NEXRAD weather radars. Ecosphere, 3(2), 1–9, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00257.1.

Khan, S. I., Y. Hong, H. J. Vergara, J. J. Gourley, G. R. Brakenridge, T. De Groeve, Z. L. Flamig, F. S. Policelli, B. Yong, 2012: Microwave satellite data for hydrologic modeling in ungauged basins. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 9, 663–667, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2177807.

Kirstetter, P. E., Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, S. Chen, Z. L. Flamig, J. Zhang, M. Schwaller, W. Petersen, E. Amitai, 2012: Toward a framework for systematic error modeling of spaceborne precipitation radar with NOAA/NSSL ground radar-based National Mosaic QPE. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13, 1285–1300, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-11-0139.1.

Kitzmiller, D. , S. Van Cooten, F. Ding, K. Howard, C. Langston, J. Zhang, H. Moser, Y. Zhang, J. Gourley, D. Kim, D. Riley, 2011: Evolving multisensor precipitation estimation methods: Their impacts on flow prediction using a distributed hydrologic model. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12, 1414–1431, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-10-05038.1.

Kumjian, M. R., 2011: Precipitation properties of supercell hook echoes. Electronic Journal of Severe Storms Meteorology, 6(5), 1–21.

Kumjian, M. R., A. V. Ryzhkov, 2012: The impact of size sorting on the polarimetric radar variables. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69, 2042–2060, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-0125.1.

Lakshmanan, V. , 2012: Image processing of weather radar reflectivity data: Should it be done in Z or dBZ?. EJSSM, 7, 1–4.

Lakshmanan, V. , R. Rabin, J. Kain, J. Otkin, S. Dembek, 2012: Visualizing Model Data Using A Fast Approximation of a Radiative Transfer Model. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 745–754.

Lakshmanan, V. , J. Zhang, K. Hondl, C. Langston, 2012: A Statistical Approach to Mitigating Persistent Clutter in Radar Reflectivity Data. IEEE J. Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 5, 652–662.

Lalande, P. , V. Mazur, 2012: A Physical Model of Branching in Upward Leaders. AerospaceLab, 5, 07-1–07-7.

Lang, T. J., J. Li, W. A. Lyons, S. A. Cummer, S. A. Rutledge, D. R. MacGorman, 2011: Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective systems: Charge moment change analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Science, 116, 1–11, A10306, doi:10.1029/2011JA016758.

Lei, L. , G. Zhang, R. J. Doviak, R. Palmer, B. L. Cheong, M. Xue, Q. Cao, Y. Li, 2012: Multilag Correlation Estimators for Polarimetric Radar Measurements in the Presence of Noise. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 772–795, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00010.1.

Lewis, J. M., M. G. Fearon, H. E. Klieforth, 2012: Herbert Riehl: Intrepid and Enigmatic Scholar. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 963–985, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00224.1.

Liu, L. , Y. Hong, J. Hocker, M. Shafer, L. Carter, J. Gourley, C. Bednarczyk, B. Yong, P. Adhikari, 2012: Analyzing projected changes and trends of temperature and precipitation in the southern USA from 16 downscaled global climate models. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 0177-798X, 1–16, doi:10.1007/s00704-011-0567-9.

MacGorman, D. R., S. J. Goodman, 2011: Advancing research and applications with lightning detection and mapping systems. EOS, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un, 92, 400–400, doi:10.1029/2011EO450007.

MacGorman, D. R., I. R. Apostolakopoulos, N. R. Lund, N. W. Demetriades, M. J. Murphy, P. R. Krehbiel, 2011: The timing of cloud-to-ground lightning relative to total lightning activity. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 3871–3886, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00047.1.

Mariani, Z. , K. Strong, M. Wolff, P. Rowe, V. Walden, P. F. Fogal, T. Duck, G. Lesins, D. S. Turner, C. Cox, E. Eloranta, J. R. Drummond, C. Roy, D. D. Turner, D. Hudak, I. A. Lindenmaier, 2012: Infrared measurements in the Arctic using two Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometers. Atmos. Meas. Tech, 5, 329–344, doi:10.5194/amt-5-329-2012.

Markowski, P. , Y. Richardson, J. Marquis, J. Wurman, P. Robinson, D. Dowell, E. Rasmussen, R. Davies-Jones, 2012: The Pretornadic Phase of the Goshen County, Wyoming, Supercell of 5 June 2009 Intercepted by VORTEX2. Part I: Evolution of Kinematic and Surface Thermodynamic Fields. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 2887–2915, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00336.1.

Markowski, P. , Y. Richardson, J. Marquis, R. Davies-Jones, J. Wurman, K. Kosiba, P. Robinson, E. Rasmussen, D. Dowell, 2012: The Pretornadic Phase of the Goshen County, Wyoming, Supercell of 5 June 2009 Intercepted by VORTEX2. Part II: Intensification of Low-Level Rotation. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 2916–2938, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00337.1.

Marsh, P. T., J. S. Kain, V. Lakshmanan, A. J. Clark, N. M. Hitchens, J. Hardy, 2012: A Method for Calibrating Deterministic Forecasts of Rare Events. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 531–538, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-11-00074.1.

Marsh, P. T., H. E. Brooks, 2012: Comments on “Tornado Risk Analysis: Is Dixie Alley an Extension of Tornado Alley?”. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 405–407, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00200.1.

McFarquhar, G. M., B. Schmid, A. Korolev, J. A. Ogren, P. B. Russell, J. Tomlinson, D. D. Turner, W. Wiscombe, 2011: Airborne Instrumentation Needs for Climate and Atmospheric Research (2011). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 1193–1196, doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3180.1.

Melnikov, V. , R. J. Doviak, D. S. Zrnic, D. J. Stensrud, 2011: Mapping Bragg Scatter with a Polarimetric WSR-88D. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 1273–1285, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-10-05048.1.

Melnikov, V. , R. Lee, N. Langlieb, 2012: Resonance Effects within S Band in Echoes from Birds. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 9, 413–416, 3, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2169933.

Merrelli, A. , D. D. Turner, 2012: Comparing Information Content of Upwelling Far-Infrared and Midinfrared Radiance Spectra for Clear Atmosphere Profiling. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 510–526, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00113.1.

Nallapareddy, A. , A. Shapiro, J. Gourley, 2011: A climatology of nocturnal warming events associated with cold-frontal passages in Oklahoma. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 2042–2061, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-020.1.

Potvin, C. K., A. Shapiro, M. Xue, 2012: Impact of a Vertical Vorticity Constraint in Variational Dual-Doppler Wind Analysis: Tests with Real and Simulated Supercell Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 32–49.

Potvin, C. K., L. J. Wicker, A. Shapiro, 2012: Assessing Errors in Variational Dual-Doppler Wind Syntheses of Supercell Thunderstorms Observed by Storm-Scale Mobile Radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 1009–1025, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00177.1.

Rauhala, J. , H. E. Brooks, D. M. Schultz, 2012: Tornado Climatology of Finland. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 1446–1456.

Schenkman, A. D., M. Xue, A. Shapiro, K. Brewster, J. Gao, 2011: Impact of CASA Radar and Oklahoma Mesonet Data Assimilation on the Analysis and Prediction of Tornadic Mesovortices in an MCS. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 3422–3445.

Schuur, T. J., H. S. Park, A. V. Ryzhkov, H. D. Reeves, 2012: Classification of precipitation types during transitional winter weather using the RUC model and polarimetric radar retrievals. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51, 763–779, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-091.1.

Schuur, T. J., A. V. Ryzhkov, D. E. Forsyth, P. Zhang, H. D. Reeves, 2012: Precipitation observations with NSSL’s X-band polarimetric radar during the SNOW-V10 campaign. Pure and Applied Geophysics, , doi:10.1007/s00024-012-0569-2.

Skinner, P. S., C. C. Weiss, J. L. Schroeder, L. J. Wicker, M. I. Biggerstaff, 2011: Observations of the Surface Boundary Structure within the 23 May 2007 Perryton, Texas, Supercell. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 3730–3749, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-10-05078.1.

Sobash, R. A., J. S. Kain, D. R. Bright, A. R. Dean, M. C. Coniglio, S. J. Weiss, 2011: Probabilistic Forecast Guidance for Severe Thunderstorms Based on the Identification of Extreme Phenomena in Convection-Allowing Model Forecasts. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 714–728, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WAF-D-10-05046.1.

Suarez, A. , H. D. Reeves, D. Wheatley, M. Coniglio, 2012: Comparison of Ensemble Kalman Filter–Based Forecasts to Traditional Ensemble and Deterministic Forecasts for a Case Study of Banded Snow. Weather and Forecasting, 27, 85–105.

Tompkins, A. M., D. J. Parker, S. Danour, L. Amekudzi, C. L. Bain, A. Dominguez, M. W. Douglas, A. H. Fink, D. I. Grimes, M. Hobby, P. Knippertz, P. Lamb, K. Nicklin, C. Yorke, 2012: The Ewiem Nimdie Summer School Series in Ghana. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 595–601, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00098.1.

Torres, S. M., C. D. Curtis, 2012: The Impact of Signal Processing on the Range-Weighting Function for Weather Radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 796–806, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00135.1.

Turner, D. D., A. Merrelli, D. Vimont, E. J. Mlawer, 2012: Impact of modifying the longwave water vapor continuum absorption model on community Earth system model simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, 1–11, D04106, doi:10.1029/2011JD016440.

Turner, D. D., E. J. Mlawer, G. Bianchini, M. P. Cadeddu, S. Crewell, J. S. Delamere, R. O. Knuteson, G. Maschwitz, M. Mlynzcak, S. Paine, L. Palchetti, D. C. Tobin, 2012: Ground-based high spectral resolution observations of the entire terrestrial spectrum under extremely dry conditions. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, 1–5, L10801, doi:10.1029/2012GL051542.

Van Cooten, S. , K. E. Kelleher, K. W. Howard, J. Zhang, J. J. Gourley, J. S. Kain, K. Nemunaitis-Monroe, A. Arthur, C. Langston, Z. Flamig, H. Moser, . et al., 2011: The CI-FLOW Project: A System for Total Water Level Prediction from the Summit to the Sea. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 1427–1442, doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3150.1.

Vich, M. , R. Romero, H. E. Brooks, 2011: Ensemble prediction of Mediterranean high-impact events using potential vorticity perturbations. Part I: Comparison against the multiphysics approach. Atmospheric Research, 102, 227–241, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.07.01.

Vogelmann, A. M., G. M. McFarquhar, J. A. Ogren, D. D. Turner, J. M. Comstock, G. Feingold, C. N. Long, H. H. Jonsson, A. Bucholtz, D. R. Collins, G. S. Diskin, H. Gerber, R. P. Lawson, R. K. Woods, E. Andrews, H. J. Yang, J. C. Chiu, D. Hartsock, J. M. Hubbe, C. Lo, A. Marshak, J. W. Monroe, S. A. McFarlane, B. Schmid, J. M. Tomlinson, T. Toto, 2012: RACORO Extended-term Aircraft Observations of Boundary Layer Clouds. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 861–878, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1.

Weiss, S. A., D. R. MacGorman, K. M. Calhoun, 2012: Lightning in the Anvils of Supercell Thunderstorms. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 2064–2079, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00312.1.

Wheatley, D. M., D. J. Stensrud, D. C. Dowell, N. Yussouf, 2012: Application of a WRF Mesoscale Data Assimilation System to Springtime Severe Weather Events 2007-09. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 1539–1557, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-11-00106.1.

Wood, V. T., R. A. Brown, 2011: Simulated Tornadic Vortex Signatures of Tornado-Like Vortices Having One- and Two-Celled Structures. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 2338–2342, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0118.1.

Wurman, J. , D. C. Dowell, Y. Richardson, P. Markowski, E. Rasmussen, D. Burgess, L. J. Wicker, H. B. Bluestein, 2012: Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment 2: VORTEX2. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 1147–1170.

Xu, Q. , 2011: Completeness of Normal Modes for Symmetric Perturbations in Vertically Bounded Domain. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 89, 389–397.

Xu, Q. , J. Cao, S. Gao, 2011: Computing streamfunction and velocity potential in a limited domain. Part I: Theory and integral formulae. Adv. Atmos. Sci, 28, 1433–1444, doi:10.1007/s00376-011-0185-6.

Xu, Q. , L. Wei, 2011: Measuring information content from observations for data assimilation: Utilities of spectral formulations for radar data compression. Tellus, 63A, 1014–1027, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2011.00542.x.

Xu, Q. , J. Cao, 2012: Semibalance Model in Terrain-Following Coordinates. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69, 2201–2206, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-12-012.1.

Yeary, M. , G. Crain, R. Kelley, J. Meier, Y. Zhang, R. Palmer, T. Yu, A. Zahrai, I. Ivic, C. Curtis, R. Doviak, 2011: Phased Array Weather / Multipurpose Radar. IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, 26, 12–15, doi:10.1109/MAES.2011.6065653.

Yeary, M. , G. Crain, A. Zahrai, C. C. Curtis, J. Meier, I. R. Ivic, R. D. Palmer, R. J. Doviak, G. Zhang, T. Yu, 2012: Multichannel Receiver Design, Instrumentation, and First Results at the National Weather Radar Testbed. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 61, 2022–2033, doi:10.1109/RIM.2011.2178671.

Yong, B. , L. Ren, Y. Hong, J. Gourley, X. Chen, Y. Zhang, X. Yang, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, 2011: A novel multiple flow direction algorithm for computing the topographic wetness index. Hydrology Research, 43, 135–145, doi:10.2166/nh.2011.115.

Yong, B. , Y. Hong, L. L. Ren, J. J. Gourley, G. J. Huffman, X. Chen, W. Wang, S. I. Khan, 2012: Assessment of evolving TRMM-based multisatellite real-time precipitation estimation methods and their impacts on hydrologic prediction in a high latitude basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D09108, 1–21, doi:10.1029/2011JD017069.

Yussouf, N. , D. J. Stensrud, 2012: Comparison of Single-Parameter and Multiparameter Ensembles for Assimilation of Radar Observations Using the Ensemble Kalman Filter. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 562–586, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-10-05074.1.

Zahraei, A. , K. L. Hsu, S. Sorooshian, J. J. Gourley, V. Lakshmanan, Y. Hong, T. Bellerby, 2012: Quantitative precipitation nowcasting: A Lagrangian pixel-based approach. Atmospheric Research, 118, 418–434, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.07.001.

Zhang, J. , K. Howard, C. Langston, S. Vasiloff, B. Kaney, A. Arthur, S. Van Cooten, K. Kelleher, D. Kitzmiller, F. Ding, D. J. Seo, E. Wells, C. Dempsey, 2011: National Mosaic and Multi-sensor QPE (NMQ) System: Description, Results, and Future Plans. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 1321–1338.

Zhao, C. , S. Xie, S. A. Klein, A. Protat, M. D. Shupe, S. A. McFarlane, J. M. Comstock, J. Delanoe, M. Deng, M. Dunn, R. J. Hogan, D. Huang, M. P. Jensen, G. G. Mace, R. McCoy, E. J. O'Connor, D. D. Turner, Z. Wang, 2012: Toward understanding of differences in current cloud retrievals of ARM ground-based measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, 1–21, D10206, doi:10.1029/2011JD016792.

FY 2011 — 73 publications

Adhikari, P. , Y. Hong, K. R. Douglas, D. B. Kirschbaum, J. J. Gourley, R. F. Adler, G. R. Brakenridge, 2010: A digitized global flood inventory (1998-2008): Compilation and preliminary results. J. Natural Hazards, 55, 405–422, doi:10.1007/s11069-010-9537-2.

Amitai, E. , W. A. Petersen, X. Llort, S. V. Vasiloff, 2011: Multi-platform comparisons of rain intensity for extreme precipitation events. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 99, 1–12.

Borg, L. A., R. E. Holz, D. D. Turner, 2011: Investigating cloud radar sensitivity to optically thin cirrus using collocated Raman lidar observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L05807, doi:10.1029/2010GL046365.

Borowska, L. , A. Ryzhkov, D. Zrnic, C. Simmer, R. Palmer, 2011: Attenuation and differential attenuation of 5-cm-wavelength radiation in melting hail. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 59–76.

Brooks, H. E., P. T. Marsh, A. M. Kowaleski, P. Groenemeijer, T. E. Thompson, C. S. Schwartz, C. M. Shafer, A. Kolodziej, N. Dahl, D. Buckey, 2011: Evaluation of European Storm Forecast Experiment (ESTOFEX) forecasts. Atmospheric Research, 100, 538–546, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.09.004.

Brotzge, J. , S. Erickson, H. Brooks, 2011: A five-year climatology of tornado false alarms. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 534–544.

Bruning, E. C., W. D. Rust, D. R. MacGorman, M. I. Biggerstaff, T. J. Schuur, 2010: Formation of Charge Structures in a Supercell. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 3740–3761, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3160.1.

Cadeddu, M. C., D. D. Turner, 2011: Evaluation of water permittivity models from ground-based observations of cold clouds at frequencies between 23 and 170 GHz. IEEE Transactions of Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49, 2999–3008, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2121074.

Cao, J. , Q. Xu, 2011: Computing Rossby potential vorticity in terrain-following coordinates. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2955–2961.

Cimini, D. , E. Campos, R. Ware, S. Albers, G. Giuliani, J. Oreamuno, P. Joe, S. Koch, S. Cober, E. R. Westwater, 2011: Thermodynamic atmospheric profiling during the 2010 Winter Olympics using ground-based microwave radiometry. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens, 99, 1–11, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2154337.

Clark, A. J., W. A. Gallus, M. L. Weisman, 2010: Neighborhood-based verification of precipitation forecasts from convection-allowing NCAR WRF Model simulations and the operational NAM. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 1495–1509.

Clark, A. J., J. S. Kain, D. J. Stensrud, M. Xue, F. Kong, M. C. Coniglio, K. W. Thomas, Y. Wang, K. Brewster, J. Gao, X. Wang, S. J. Weiss, J. Du, 2011: Probabilistic precipitation forecast skill as a function of ensemble size and spatial scale in a convection-allowing ensemble. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 1410–1418.

Coniglio, M. C., S. F. Corfidi, J. S. Kain, 2011: Environment and Early Evolution of the 8 May 2009 Derecho-Producing Convective System. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 1083–1102, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3413.1.

Coniglio, M. C., J. Y. Hwang, D. J. Stensrud, 2011: CORRIGENDUM. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2686–2688.

Doviak, R. J., L. Lei, G. Zhang, J. Meier, C. Curtis, 2011: Comparing Theory and Measurements of Cross-Polar Fields of a Phased Array Weather Radar. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 8, 1002–1006, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2011.2146753.

Dowell, D. C., L. J. Wicker, C. Snyder, 2011: Ensemble Kalman filter assimilation of radar observations of the 8 May 2003 Oklahoma City supercell: Influences of reflectivity observations on storm-scale analyses. Monthly Weather Review, 139, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3438.1.

Ebell, K. , U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, D. D. Turner, 2010: On characterizing the error in a remotely sensed liquid water content profile. Atmospheric Research, 98, 57–68, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.06.002.

Ebell, K. , S. Crewell, U. Loehnert, D. D. Turner, E. O'Connor, 2011: Cloud statistics and cloud radiative effect for a low-mountain site. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 306–324, doi:10.1002/qj.748.

Elmore, K. L., 2011: The NSSL hydrometeor classification algorithm in winter surface precipitation: evaluation and future development. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 756–765.

Emersic, C. , P. L. Heinselman, D. R. MacGorman, E. Bruning, 2011: Lightning activity in a hail-producing storm observed with phased-array radar. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 1809–1825, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3574.1.

Fang, M. , R. J. Doviak, 2011: Significance of the Coupled Term in the Doppler Weather Radar Spectrum Width Equation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 539–547, doi:10.1175/2010JTECHA1442.1.

Galletti, M. , D. S. Zrnic, 2011: Bias in copolar correlation coefficient caused by antenna radiation patterns. IEEE Transections on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49, 2274–2284.

Gero, P. J., D. D. Turner, 2011: Long-term trends in downwelling spectral infrared radiance over the U.S. Southern Great Plains. Journal of Climate, 24, 4831–4843, doi:10.1175/2011JCLI4210.1.

Gourley, J. J., J. M. Erlingis, T. M. Smith, K. L. Ortega, Y. Hong, 2010: Remote collection and analysis of high-resolution data on flash floods. Journal of Hydrology, 394, 53–62, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.05.042.

Grunwald, S. , H. E. Brooks, 2011: Relationship between sounding derived parameters and the strength of tornadoes in Europe and the USA from reanalysis data. Atmospheric Research, 100, 479–488, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.11.011.

Gu, J. Y., A. V. Ryzhkov, P. Zhang, P. Neilley, M. Knight, B. Wolf, D. I. Lee, 2011: Polarimetric attenuation correction in heavy rain at C band. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 39–58.

Hartung, D. C., J. A. Otkin, R. A. Petersen, D. D. Turner, W. F. Feltz, 2011: Assimilation of surface-based boundary-layer profiler observations during a cool season observation system simulation experiment. Part 2: Forecast assessment. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2327–2346, doi:10.1175/2011MWR3623.1.

Heinselman, P. L., S. M. Torres, 2011: High-temporal-resolution capabilities of the National Weather Radar Testbed Phased-Array Radar. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 579–593.

Hoekstra, S. , K. Klockow, R. Riley, J. Brotzge, H. Brooks, 2011: A Preliminary Look at the Social Perspective of Warn-on-Forecast: Preferred Tornado Warning Lead Time and the General Public's Perceptions of Weather Risks. Weather, Climate, and Society, 3, 128–140.

Hood, K. , S. Torres, R. Palmer, 2010: Automatic detection of wind turbine clutter for weather radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 1868–1880.

Jones, T. A., S. A. Christopher, 2011: A reanalysis of MODIS fine mode fraction over ocean using OMI and daily GOCART simulations. Atmos. Chem. Phys, 11, 5805–5817, doi:10.5194/acp-11-5805-2011.

Kain, J. S., M. Xue, M. C. Coniglio, S. J. Weiss, F. Kong, T. L. Jensen, B. G. Brown, J. Gao, K. Brewster, K. W. Thomas, Y. Wang, C. S. Schwartz, J. J. Levit, 2010: Assessing advances in the assimilation of radar data within a collaborative forecasting-research environment. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 1510–1521, doi:10.1175/2010WAF2222405.1.

Kain, J. S., S. R. Dembek, S. J. Weiss, J. L. Case, J. J. Levit, R. A. Sobash, 2010: Extracting unique information from high resolution forecast models: Monitoring selected fields and phenomena every time step. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 1536–1542, doi:10.1175/2010WAF2222430.1.

Khain, A. , A. Pokrovsky, D. Rosenfeld, U. Blahak, A. Ryzhkov, 2011: Effects of aerosols on precipitation and hail production in a midlatitude storm as seen from simulations using spectral (bin) microphysics model. Atmospheric Research, 99, 129–146.

Khan, S. I., Y. Hong, J. Wang, K. K. Yilmaz, J. J. Gourley, R. F. Adler, G. R. Brakenridge, F. Policelli, S. Habib, D. Irwin, 2011: Satellite remote sensing and hydrological modeling for flood inundation mapping in Lake Victoria Basin: Implications for hydrologic prediction in ungauged basins. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49, 85–95, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2057513.

Kumjian, M. R., A. V. Ryzhkov, V. Melnikov, T. J. Schuur, 2010: Rapid-scan super-resolution observations of a cyclic supercell with a dual-polarization WSR-88D. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 3762–3786, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3322.1.

Lewis, J. M., M. L. Kaplan, R. K. Vellore, R. M. Rabin, J. Hallett, S. A. Cohn, 2011: Dust Storm over the Black Rock Desert: Larger-scale Dynamic Signatures. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 116, 1–23, doi:10.1029/2010JD014784.

Liao, Z. , Y. Hong, D. Kirschbaum, R. Adler, J. J. Gourley, R. Wooten, 2011: Evaluation of TRIGRS (Transient Rainfall Infiltration and Grid-based Regional Slope-Stability Analysis)’s predictive skill for hurricane-triggered landslides: A case study in Macon County, North Carolina. Natural Hazards, 58, 325–339, doi:10.1007/s11069-010-9670-y.

Lu, G. , S. A. Cummer, J. Li, W. A. Lyons, P. R. Krehbiel, W. Rison, R. J. Thomas, O. van der Velde, M. B. Cohen, T. L. Lang, S. A. Rutledge, W. H. Beasley, D. R. MacGorman, 2011: Lightning development associated with two gigantic jets. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L12801, doi:10.1029/2011GL047662.

Lu, H. , Q. Xu, M. Yao, S. Gao, 2011: Time-expanded sampling for ensemble-based filters: assimilation experiments with real radar observations. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 28, 743–757, doi:10.1007/s00376-010-0021-4.

Mazur, V. , 2011: Physical processes during development of upward leaders from tall structures. Journal of Electrostatics, 69, 97–110.

McFarquhar, G. M., S. Ghan, J. Verlinde, A. Korolev, J. W. Strapp, B. Schmid, J. Tomlinson, M. Wolde, S. Brooks, D. Cziczo, M. Dubey, J. Fan, C. Flynn, I. Gultepe, J. Hubbe, M. Gilles, A. Laskin, P. Lawson, W. R. Leaitch, P. Liu, X. Liu, D. Lubin, C. Mazzoleni, A. M. Macdonald, R. Moffet, H. Morrison, M. Ovtchinnikov, M. D. Shupe, D. D. Turner, S. Xie, A. Zelenyuk, K. Bae, M. Freer, A. Glen, 2011: Indirect and semi-direct aerosol campaign (ISDAC): The impact of Arctic aerosols on clouds. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 183–201, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2935.1.

McGovern, A. , T. Supinie, D. J. Gagne II, N. P. Troutman, M. Collier, R. A. Brown, J. Basara, J. Williams, 2010: Understanding severe weather processes through spatiotemporal relational random forests. Proceedings of 2010 Conference on Intelligent Data Understanding, NASA, na, 213–227.

McGovern, A. , D. H. Rosendahl, R. A. Brown, K. K. Droegemeier, 2011: Identifying predictive multi-dimensional time series motifs: An application to severe weather prediction. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 22, 232–258.

McGovern, A. , D. J. Gagne II, N. Troutman, R. A. Brown, J. Basara, J. K. Williams, 2011: Using spatiotemporal relational random forests to improve our understanding of severe weather processes. Statistical Analysis and Data Mining, 4, 407–429.

Melnikov, V. M., D. S. Zrnic, R. J. Doviak, P. B. Chilson, D. B. Mechem, Y. L. Kogan, 2011: Prospects of the WSR-88D Radar for Cloud Studies. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 859–872, doi:10.1175/2010JAMC2303.1.

Otkin, J. A., D. C. Hartung, D. D. Turner, R. A. Petersen, W. F. Feltz, E. Janzon, 2011: Assimilation of surface-based boundary-layer profiler observations during a cool season observation system simulation experiment. Part 1: Analysis impact. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 2309–2326, doi:10.1175/2011MWR3622.1.

Palmer, R. D., D. Bodine, M. R. Kumjian, B. Cheong, G. Zhang, Q. Cao, H. B. Bluestein, A. V. Ryzhkov, T. Y. Yu, Y. Wang, 2011: Observations of the 10 May 2010 tornado outbreak using OU-PRIME: Potential for new science with high-resolution polarimetric radar. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 871–891, doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3125.1.

Palucki, J. L., M. I. Biggerstaff, D. R. MacGorman, T. Schuur, 2011: Comparison between low-flash and non-lightning-producing convective areas within a mature mesoscale convective system. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 468–486, doi:10.1175/WAF-D-10-05012.1.

Picca, J. , A. Ryzhkov, 2012: A dual-wavelength polarimetric analysis of the 16 May 2010 Oklahoma City extreme hailstorm. Monthly Weather Review, 140, 1385–1403.

Reeves, H. D., K. L. Elmore, G. S. Manikin, D. J. Stensrud, 2011: Assessment of forecasts during persistent valley cold pools in the Bonneville Basin by the North American Mesoscale model. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 447–467.

Reeves, H. D., K. L. Elmore, G. S. Manikin, D. J. Stensrud, 2011: Assessment of forecasts during persistent valley cold pools in the Bonneville basin by the North American Mesoscale Model. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 447–467.

Reinoso-Rondinel, R. , T. Y. Yu, S. Torres, 2010: Multifunction phased‐array radar: time balance scheduler for adaptive weather sensing. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 1854–1867.

Ryzhkov, A. , M. Pinsky, A. Pokrovsky, A. Khain, 2011: Polarimetric radar observation operator for a cloud model with spectral microphysics. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 873–894.

Schenkman, A. D., M. Xue, A. Shapiro, K. Brewster, J. Gao, 2011: The Analysis and Prediction of the 8–9 May 2007 Oklahoma Tornadic Mesoscale Convective System by Assimilating WSR-88D and CASA Radar Data Using 3DVAR. Monthly Weather Review, 139, 224–246, doi:10.1175/2010MWR3336.1.

Smith, T. M., V. Lakshmanan, 2011: Real-time, rapidly updating severe weather products for virtual globes. Computers and Geosciences, 37, 3–12, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2010.03.023.

Turner, D. D., P. J. Gero, 2011: Downwelling infrared radiance temperature climatology for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains site. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 116, D08212, doi:10.1029/2010JD015135.

Wang, J. , Y. Hong, J. J. Gourley, P. Adhikari, L. Li, F. Su, 2010: Quantitative assessment of climate change and human impacts on long-term hydrologic response: a case study in a sub-basin of the Yellow River, China. International Journal of Climatology, 30, 2130–2137, doi:10.1002/joc.2023.

Wang, J. , Y. Hong, L. Li, J. J. Gourley, S. I. Khan, K. K. Yilmaz, R. F. Adler, F. S. Policelli, S. Habib, D. Irwin, A. S. Limaye, T. Korme, L. Okello, 2011: The coupled routing and excess storage (CREST) distributed hydrological model. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56, 84–98, doi:10.1080/02626667.2010.543087.

Wang, S. Y., A. J. Clark, 2010: Quasi-decadal spectral peaks of tropical western Pacific SSTs as a percursor for tropical cyclone threat. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, doi:10.1029/2010GL044709.

Wen, Y. , Y. Hong, G. Zhang, T. J. Schuur, J. J. Gourley, Z. Flamig, K. Morris, Q. Cao, 2011: Cross validation of spaceborne radar and ground polarimetric radar aided by polarimetric echo classification of hydrometeor types. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 1389–1402, doi:10.1175/2011JAMC2622.1.

Willingham, K. M., E. J. Thompson, K. W. Howard, C. L. Dempsey, 2011: Characteristics of Sonoran Desert Microbursts. Weather and Forecasting, 26, 94–108, doi:10.1175/2010WAF2222388.1.

Wood, V. T., L. W. White, 2011: A new parametric model of vortex tangential-wind profiles: Development, testing, and verification. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68, 990–1006, 5, doi:10.1175/2011JAS3588.1.

Xu, Q. , K. Nai, L. Wei, P. Zhang, S. Liu, D. Parrish, 2011: A VAD-based dealiasing method for radar velocity data quality control. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 50–62.

Xu, Q. , 2011: Measuring information content from observations for data assimilation: Spectral formulations and their implications to observational data compression. Tellus, 63A, 793–804.

Yin, B. , Q. Min, M. Duan, M. J. Bartholomew, A. M. Vogelmann, D. D. Turner, 2011: Retrievals of cloud optical depth and effective radius from thin-cloud rotating shadowband radiometer measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 116, 1–9, D23208, doi:10.1029/2011JD016192.

Zhang, G. , R. J. Doviak, D. S. Zrnic, R. Palmer, L. Lei, 2011: Polarimetric Phased Array Radar for Weather Measurement: A Planar or Cylindrical Configuration?. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 63–73.

Zhang, G. , S. Luchs, A. Ryzhkov, M. Xue, L. Ryzhkova, Q. Cao, 2011: Winter precipitation microphysics characterized by polarimetric radar and video disdrometer observations in central Oklahoma. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 1558–1570.

Zhang, G. , R. J. Doviak, D. Priegnitz, J. Carter, C. D. Curtis, 2011: Multipatterns of the National Weather Radar Testbed Mitigate Clutter Received via Sidelobes. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 401–409, doi:10.1175/2010JTECHA1453.1.

Zhang, J. , Y. Qi, 2010: A real-time algorithm for the correction of bright band effects in radar-derived precipitation estimation. J. Hydrometeorology, 11, 1157–1171.

Zhu, M. , V. Lakshmanan, P. Zhang, Y. Hong, K. Cheng, S. Chen, 2011: Spatial verification using a true metric. Atmospheric Research, 102, 408–419.

Zrnic, D. S., R. J. Doviak, G. Zhang, R. V. Ryzhkov, 2010: Bias in differential reflectivity due to cross-coupling through the radiation patterns of polarimetric weather radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 49, 1624–1637.

Zrnic, D. S., G. Zhang, R. J. Doviak, 2011: Bias correction and Doppler measurement for polarimetric phased-array radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49, 843–853.

FY 2010 — 69 publications

Battaglia, A. S., S. Tanelli, S. Kobayashi, D. S. Zrnic, R. J. Hogan, 2010: Multiple-scattering in radar systems: a review. J. Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 111, 917–947.

Bedka, S. , R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, D. C. Tobin, D. D. Turner, 2010: An assessment of the absolute accuracy of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder v5 precipitable water vapor product at tropical, mid-latitude, and Arctic ground-truth sites: September 2002 through August 2008. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 115, D17310, doi:10.1029/2009JD013139.

Bodine, B. , P. L. Heinselman, B. L. Cheong, R. D. Palmer, D. Michaud, 2010: A case study on the impact of moisture variability on convection initiation using radar refractivity retrievals. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 1766–1778.

Brotzge, J. , K. Hondl, B. Philips, L. Lemon, E. Bass, D. Rude, D. Andra, 2010: Evaluation of Distributed Collaborative Adaptive Sensing for Detection of Low-Level Circulations and Implications for Severe Weather Warning Operations. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 173–189, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222233.1.

Cao, Q. , G. Zhang, E. A. Brandes, T. J. Schuur, 2010: Polarimetric radar rain estimation through retrieval of drop size distribution using Bayesian approach. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 973–990, doi:10:1175/2009JAMc2227.1.

Clark, A. J., W. A. Gallus, M. Xue, F. Kong, 2010: Convection-allowing and Convection-parameterizing ensemble forecasts of a mesoscale convective vortex and associated severe weather environment. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 1052–1081.

Coniglio, M. C., K. L. Elmore, J. S. Kain, S. J. Weiss, M. Xue, M. L. Weisman, 2010: Evaluation of WRF model output for severe weather forecasting from the 2008 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 408–427, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222258.1.

Coniglio, M. C., J. Y. Hwang, D. J. Stensrud, 2010: Environmental Factors in the Upscale Growth and Longevity of MCSs Derived from Rapid Update Cycle Analyses. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 3514–3539.

Corfidi, S. F., S. J. Weiss, J. S. Kain, S. J. Corfidi, R. M. Rabin, J. L. Levit, 2010: Revisiting the 3-4 April 1974 super outbreak of tornadoes. Weather and Forecasting, 25, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222297.1.

Dawson II, D. T., M. Xue, J. A. Milbrandt, M. K. Yau, 2010: Comparison of Evaporation and Cold Pool Development between Single-Moment and Multimoment Bulk Microphysics Schemes in Idealized Simulations of Tornadic Thunderstorms. Monthly Weather Review, 138, doi:10.1175/2009MWR2956.1.

Delamere, J. S., S. A. Clough, V. H. Payne, E. J. Mlawer, D. D. Turner, 2010: A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 115, D17106, doi:10.1029/2009JD012968.

Geernaert, G. , S. Businger, C. Jeffery, T. Dunn, R. Elsberry, D. MacGorman, 2010: Use of novel lightning data and advanced modeling approaches to predict maritime cyclogenesis. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 1091–1093, doi:10.1175/2010BAMS2926.1.

Godfrey, C. M., D. J. Stensrud, 2010: An Empirical Latent Heat Flux Parameterization for the Noah Land Surface Model. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 1696–1713, doi:10.1175/2010JAMC2180.1.

Gourley, J. J., D. P. Jorgensen, S. Y. Matrosov, Z. L. Flamig, 2009: Evaluation of incremental improvements to quantitative precipitation estimates in complex terrain. J. Hydrometeor, 10, 1507–1520, doi:10.1175/2009JHM1125.1.

Gourley, J. J., Y. Hong, Z. L. Flamig, L. Li, J. Wang, 2010: Intercomparison of rainfall estimates from radar, satellite, gauge, and combinations for a season of record rainfall. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 437–452.

Gourley, J. J., S. E. Giangrande, Y. Hong, Z. L. Flamig, T. J. Schuur, J. A. Vrugt, 2010: Impacts of polarimetric radar observations on hydrologic simulation. J. Hydrometeor, 11, 781–796.

Heinselman, P. L., B. L. Cheong, R. D. Palmer, D. Bodine, K. Hondl, 2009: Radar Refractivity Retrievals in Oklahoma: Insights into Operational Benefits and Limitations. Weather and Forecasting, 24, 1345–1361, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222256.1.

Ivic, I. R., D. S. Zrnic, T. Yu, 2009: The Use of Coherency to Improve Signal Detection in Dual-Polarization Weather Radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26, 2474–2487, doi:10.1175/2009JTECHA1154.1.

Kaplan, M. , C. Adaniya, P. Marzette, K. King, S. Underwood, J. Lewis, 2009: The role of upstream mid-tropospheric circulations in Sierra Nevada leeside (spillover precipitation): Part II: Secondary atmospheric river accompanying a mid-level jet. J. Hydrometeor, 10, 1327–1354.

Kumjian, M. R., A. V. Ryzhkov, 2010: The impact of evaporation on polarimetric characteristics of rain: Theoretical model and practical implications. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 1247–1267.

LaDue, D. S., P. L. Heinselman, J. F. Newman, 2010: Strengths and limitations of current radar systems for two stakeholder groups in the Southern Plains. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 899–910.

Lakshmanan, V. , T. Smith, 2009: Data Mining Storm Attributes from Spatial Grids. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26, 2353–2365.

Lakshmanan, V. , J. Zhang, K. Howard, 2010: A Technique to Censor Biological Echoes in Radar Reflectivity Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 49, 435–462.

Lakshmanan, V. , J. Kain, 2010: A Gaussian Mixture Model Approach to Forecast Verification. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 908–920.

Lakshmanan, V. , T. Smith, 2010: An Objective Method of Evaluating and Devising Storm Tracking Algorithms. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 721–729.

Lakshmanan, V. , J. Kain, 2010: A Gaussian mixture model approach to forecast verification. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 908–920.

Lakshmanan, V. , T. Smith, 2010: An objective method of evaluating and devising storm tracking algorithms. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 721–729.

Lakshmanan, V. , K. Elmore, M. Richman, 2010: Reaching scientific consensus through a competition. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 1423–1427.

Lakshmanan, V. , J. Zhang, K. Howard, 2010: A technique to censor biological echoes in radar reflectivity data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 435–462.

Lakshmivarahan, S. , J. M. Lewis, 2010: Forward Sensitivity Approach to Dynamic Data Assimilation. Advances in Meteorology, 2010, 1–13, doi:10.1155/2010/375615.

Lang, T. J., W. A. Lyons, S. A. Rutledge, J. D. Meyers, D. R. MacGorman, S. A. Cummer, 2010: Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective systems: Storm structure and evolution. Journal Of Geophysical Research - Space, 115, A00E22, doi:10.1029/2009JA014500.

Le, K. , R. Palmer, B. Cheong, T. Yu, G. Zhang, S. Torres, 2010: Reducing the effects of noise on atmospheric imaging radars using multilag correlation. Radio Science, 45, doi:10.1029/2008RS003989.

Lewis, J. M., D. Martin, R. Rabin, H. Moosmuller, 2010: Suomi: Pragmatic Visionary. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 561–577, doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2897.1.

Lund, N. R., D. R. MacGorman, T. J. Schuur, M. I. Biggerstaff, W. D. Rust, 2009: Relationships between Lightning Location and Polarimetric Radar Signatures in a Small Mesoscale Convective System. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 4151–4170, doi:10.1175/2009MWR2860.1.

Mansell, E. R., 2010: On Sedimentation and Advection in multi-moment bulk microphysics. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 3084–3094.

Mansell, E. R., C. L. Ziegler, E. C. Bruning, 2010: Simulated electrification of a small thunderstorm with two-moment bulk microphysics. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 171–194, doi:10.1175/2009JAS2965.1.

McCarroll,, A. , M. Yeary, D. Hougen, V. Lakshmanan, S. Smith, 2010: Approaches for Compression of Super-Resolution {WSR-88D} Data. {IEEE} Tran. on Geosc. and Remote Sensing Letters, PP, 191–195, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2010.2058089.

McLaughlin, D. , D. Pepyne, B. Philips, J. Kurose, M. Zink, D. Westbrook, E. Lyons, E. Knapp, A. Hopf, A. Defonzo, R. Contreras, T. Djaferis, E. Insanic, S. Frasier, V. Chandrasekar, F. Junyent, N. Bharadwaj, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, B. Dolan, K. Droegemeier, J. Brotzge, M. Xue, K. Kloesel, K. Brewster, F. Carr, S. Cruz-Pol, K. Hondl, P. Kollias, 2009: Short-Wavelength Technology and the Potential For Distributed Networks of Small Radar Systems. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 1797–1817, doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2507.1.

Melnikov, V. M., D. S. Zrnic, R. M. Rabin, 2009: Polarimetric radar properties of smoke plumes: A model. Journal of Geophysical Research - D: Atmospheres, 114, doi:10.1029/2009JD012647.

Ortega, K. L., T. M. Smith, K. L. Manross, K. A. Scharfenberg, A. Witt, A. G. Kolodziej, J. J. Gourley, 2009: The severe hazards analysis and verification experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 1519–1530, doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2815.1.

Payne, C. D., T. J. Schuur, D. R. MacGorman, M. I. Biggerstaff, K. M. Kuhlman, W. D. Rust, 2010: Polarimetric and electrical characteristics of a lightning ring in a supercell storm. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 2405–2425, doi:10.1175/2009MWR3210.1.

Reeves, H. D., D. J. Stensrud, 2009: Synoptic-scale flow and valley cold pool evolution in the Western United States. Weather and Forecasting, 24, 1625–1643, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222234.1.

Schwartz, C. S., J. S. Kain, S. J. Weiss, M. Xue, D. R. Bright, F. Kong, K. W. Thomas, J. J. Levit, M. C. Coniglio, 2009: Next-day convection-allowing WRF model guidance: A second look at 2 vs. 4 km grid spacing. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 3351–3372, doi:10.1175/2009MWR2924.1.

Schwartz, C. S., J. S. Kain, M. C. Coniglio, S. J. Weiss, D. R. Bright, M. Xue, F. Kong, K. W. Thomas, M. S. Wandishin, 2010: Toward Improved Convection-Allowing Ensembles: Model Physics Sensitivities and Optimizing Probabilistic Guidance with Small Ensemble Membership. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 263–280, doi:10.1175/2009WAF2222267.1.

Sen Roy, S. , V. Lakshmanan, S. Roy Bhowmik, S. Thampi, 2010: Doppler weather radar based nowcasting of cyclone ogni. J. Earth Syst. Sci, 119, 183–199.

Sen Roy, S. , V. Lakshmanan, S. Roy Bhowmik, S. Thampi, 2010: `Doppler weather radar based nowcasting of cyclone ogni. J. Earth Syst. Sci, 119, 183–199.

Setvak, M. , D. T. Lindsey, P. Novak, P. K. Wang, M. Radova, J. Kerkmann, L. Grasso, S. Su, R. M. Rabin, J. Stastka, Z. Charvat, 2010: Satellite-observed cold-ring-shaped features atop deep convective clouds. Atmospheric Research, 97, 80–96, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.03.

Shapiro, A. , K. M. Willingham, C. K. Potvin, 2010: Spatially Variable Advection Correction of Radar Data. Part I: Theoretical Considerations. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 3445–3456, doi:10.1175/2010JAS3465.1.

Shapiro, A. , K. M. Willingham, C. K. Potvin, 2010: Spatially Variable Advection Correction of Radar Data. Part II: Test Results. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 3457–3470, doi:10.1175/2010JAS3466.1.

Stensrud, D. J., M. Xue, L. J. Wicker, K. E. Kelleher, M. P. Foster, J. T. Schaefer, R. S. Schneider, S. G. Benjamin, S. S. Weygandt, J. T. Ferree, J. P. Tuell, 2009: Convective-scale warn on forecast: A vision for 2020. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 1487–1499, doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2795.1.

Stensrud, D. J., J. Gao, 2010: Importance of Horizontally Inhomogeneous Environmental Initial Conditions to Ensemble Storm-Scale Radar Data Assimilation and Very Short-Range Forecasts. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 1250–1272, doi:10.1175/2009MWR3027.1.

Tabary, P. , G. Vulpiani, J. J. Gourley, A. J. Illingworth, O. Bousquet, 2009: Unusually high differential attenuation at C-band: Results from a two-year analysis of the French Trappes polarimetric radar data. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48, 2037–2053.

Torres, S. , R. Passarelli, A. Siggia, P. Karhunen, 2010: Alternating dual‐pulse, dual‐frequency techniques for range and velocity ambiguity mitigation on weather radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27, 1461–1475.

Van Cooten, S. , K. L. Elmore, David. E. Barb, J. A. McCorquodale, D. J. Reed, 2009: A Statistical Methodology to Discover Precipitation Microclimates in Southeast Louisiana: Implications for Coastal Watersheds. J. Hydrometeorol, 10, 1184–1202, doi:10.1175/2009JHM1076.1.

Vasiloff, S. V., K. Howard, J. Zhang, 2009: Difficulties with Correcting Radar Rainfall Estimates Based on Rain Gauge Data: A Case Study of Severe Weather in Montana on 16–17 June 2007. Weather and Forecasting, 24, 1334–1344.

Wandishin, M. S., D. J. Stensrud, S. L. Mullen, L. J. Wicker, 2010: On the predictability of mesoscale convective systems: Three-dimensional simulations. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 863–885, doi:10.1175/2009MWR2961.1.

Wang, P. K., S. Su, M. Setvak, H. Lin, R. M. Rabin, 2010: Ship wave signature at the cloud top of deep convective storms. Atmospheric Research, 97, 294–302, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2010.03.015.

Wang, S. Y., A. J. Clark, 2010: NAM Model forecasts of warm-season quasi-stationary frontal environments in the central United States. Weather and Forecasting, 25, 1281–1292.

Wheatley, D. M., D. J. Stensrud, 2010: The Impact of Assimilating Surface Pressure Observations on Severe Weather Events in a WRF Mesoscale Ensemble System. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 1673–1694, doi:10.1175/2009MWR3042.1.

Xu, Q. , K. Nai, L. Wei, Q. Zhao, 2009: An unconventional approach for assimilating aliased radar radial velocities. Tellus, 61A, 621–630.

Xu, Q. , 2009: Bayesian perspective of the unconventional approach for assimilating aliased radar radial velocities. Tellus, 61A, 631–634.

Xu, Q. , K. Nai, L. Wei, 2010: Fitting VAD wind to aliased Doppler radial-velocity observations – A minimization problem with multiple minima. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc, 136, 451–461, doi:10.1002/qj.589.

Xu, Q. , L. Wei, W. Gu, J. Gong, Q. Zhao, 2010: A 3.5-Dimensional Variational Method for Doppler Radar Data Assimilation and Its Application to Phased-Array Radar Observations. Advances in Meteorology, 2010, 61–74, doi:10.1155/2010/797265.

Xu, Q. , 2010: Modal and Nonmodal Growths of Symmetric Perturbations in Unbounded Domain. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67, 1996–2017.

Yong, B. , L. Ren, Y. Hong, J. Wang, J. Gourley, S. Jiang, X. Chen, W. Wang, 2010: Hydrologic evaluation of Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis standard precipitation products in basins beyond its inclined latitude band: A case study in Laohahe Basin, China. Water Resources Research, 46, doi:10.1029/2009WR008965.

Yussouf, N. , D. J. Stensrud, 2010: Impact of Phased-Array Radar Observations over a Short Assimilation Period: Observing System Simulation Experiments Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 517–538, doi:10.1175/2009MWR2925.1.

Zhang, G. , R. J. Doviak, D. Zrnic, J. Crain, D. Stainman, Y. Al-Rashid, 2009: Phased Array Radar Polarimetry for Weather Sensing: A Theoretical Formulation for Bias Corrections. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 47, 3679–3689.

Ziegler, C. L., E. R. Mansell, J. M. Straka, D. R. MacGorman, D. W. Burgess, 2010: The impact of spatial variations of low-level stability on the life cycle of a simulated supercell storm. Monthly Weather Review, 138, 1738–1766, doi:10.1175/2009MWR3010.1.

Zrnic, D. S., G. Zhang, V. Melnikov, J. Andric, 2010: Three-body scattering and hail size. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 49, 687–700.

Books, FY 2010–2014

Ivic, I. R., 2009: Detection Thresholds for Spectral Moments and Polarimetric Variables. VDM Verlag Dr. Muller, 199 pp.

Lakshmanan, V. , 2012: Automating the Analysis of Spatial Grids: A Practical Guide to Data Mining Geospatial Images for Human and Environmental Applications. Springer, 323 pp.

Mazur, V. , L. H. Ruhnke, 2012: Heinz-Wolfram Kasemir: His Collected Works. AGU Geopress-Wiley, 718 pp.

Fukao, S. , K. Hamazu, R. J. Doviak, 2013: Radar for Meteorological and Atmospheric Observations. Springer, 537 pp.