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Weather types and definitions

What do the report types listed in the mPING app mean? Let's try to keep this simple.

Sends a test report to confirm that NSSL received your report
Rain and/or Snow
No precipitation occurring
Very small, numerous and uniformly distributed water drops that may appear to float while following air currents
Freezing Drizzle
Drizzle that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze
Liquid water drops falling from the sky
Freezing Rain
Rain that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze on exposed objects (this will occur well before any ice forms on the ground)
Ice Pellets/Sleet
Small translucent balls of ice (not to be confused with hail)
Frozen precipitation in the form of flakes of crystalline water ice
Mixed Rain & Snow
Mixed Rain & Ice Pellets
Mixed ice Pellets & Snow
Hail (include size)
A chunk of ice falling from the sky ranging from the size of a pea to a grapefruit; hail occurs exclusively in thunderstorms
Wind Damage
Severity 1 (Damage Trivial)
Lawn furniture & trash cans displaced; small twigs broken off
Severity 2 (Damage Mild)
1 inch tree limbs broken; shingles blown off
Severity 3 (Damage Moderate)
3 inch tree limbs broken; power poles down
Severity 4 (Damage Severe)
Trees uprooted or snapped; roofs blown off
Severity 5 (Damage Extreme)
Homes and buildings destroyed
Water Spout
Not displayed but sent to the NWS
Tornado (on ground)
Not displayed but sent to the NWS
Severity 1 (Flood Minor)
River/creek overflowing; cropland/yard/basement flooding
Severity 2 (Flood Moderate)
Street/road flooding; stranded vehicles
Severity 3 (Flood Serious)
Homes and buildings filled with water
Severity 4 (Flood Severe)
Homes, buildings and cars swept away
Reduced Visibility
Dense Fog
Blowing Dust/Sand

If you have any questions, feel free to contact Dr. Kim Elmore by email at or telephone at (405) 325-6295.