Acknowledgments (Prior version)

This project is supported by the Pan American Climate Studies (PACS) program, which is funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA's) Office of Global Programs.

This project has been possible only because of the help of many people, which makes it difficult to have a comprehensive list of the individuals in each country. We sincerely thank everyone who has helped - even if their names do not appear below.


Help from Franz Zichy, Ruby Pippenger and Jeff Sickels of the US National Weather Service's National Reconditioning Center in Kansas City made it possible to obtain more than 60 theodolites that are being used in the experiment. José Meitín from NSSL helped establish the Cocos Island radiosonde station and has provided assistance in many other aspects of the project.

Rosario Douglas, Marck Oduber, Jonathan Gourley (NSSL), Clinton Wallace (NSSL) and Malaquias Peña (NSSL) all helped during the double theodolite tests. In addition Malaquias Peña was responsible for the development of the PACS-SONET-97 homepage, updating of the daily data, and very many other aspects of the overall operation of the network. Rosario Douglas has functioned as an "unpaid" personal secretary to M. Douglas, participating in all of the training sessions throughout the region, and has continued to manage countless other details throughout the project.

Our special thanks go to NSSL personnel who have helped with administrative, shipping and other aspects of managing the activities of the project. These individuals include (in no particular order): Linda Hines, Rusty Devericks, James McGowen, Brenda O'Neal, Don Howard, Cindy Cox, Dennis Nealson and Leslie Cain.


Dr. Michel Rosengaus (Mexican Institute of Water Technology (IMTA)) and Jose Luis Carrasco (National Weather Service (SMN) in Mexico) provided the program CORRIGE and PVGLOPI2, currently being used to process the pilot balloon data. We suspect that they would not have imagined the wide distribution of their work.

Admiral Alejandro Maldonado Mendoza of the Mexican Navy showed interest in the development of the Mexican network and authorized Mexican Navy personnel to make the observations and also agreed to provide the hydrogen gas needed for the operation of the Mexican stations. Navy officers Zarate, Balbuena, Maya, Pineda and Aguilar provided the required training and have overseen the data transmission and processing. We also thanks all Navy personnel who are currently making the observations and processing the data.


We thank to Ing. Claudio Gutierrez Huete, director of INETER, the institution whose personnel are making the observations. Ing. Mauricio Rosales and Freddy Picado were very helpful with the logistics of setting up the stations. Our special thanks go to the observers Alan Vargas, Clemente Martínez and Julio Ramirez who are also processing and transmitting the data.


Hugo Hidalgo, Director of the Instituto Meteorologico Nacional, has been extremely helpful throughout the activities in Costa Rica. Felipe Rivera and Manuel Solera of the IMN have been exceptionally helpful in many activities (sites set up and processing the data); Alejandro Gutierrez (International Ocean Institute) helped arrange transport to Cocos Island. We also thank ALL of the members of the IMN who helped during the trip to Cocos Island and the other aspects of the project in Costa Rica. Thanks to Mr's William and Oscar for facilitating the release of important equipment from customs. Captain Ceferino Leiva Rivera and his crew took us to Cocos Island. We thanks (postumously) Joaquin Alvarado García who facilitated the participation of the members of the Costa Rican National Park Service in making the observations at Cocos Island. All personnel from the National Park Service who are making the observations at Cocos Island are especially thanked. Finally we thank the observers in Liberia, Mr. Santos and Mr. Gutierrez.


Ing. Claudia Candanedo and Ing. David Farnum from the Institute of Hydraulic Resources and Electrification (IRHE in Spanish) provided logistic help in finding observers, providing transportation to the site, and allowed their personnel to process the data, whom we sincerely thank. The observers Julio Gutierrez and Hernando Ibañez are providing excellent observations.


The Colombian Navy facility at CIOH (Center for Hydrological and Oceanographic Research) has provided personnel to make the observations in Cartagena. We thank Captain Carlos Andrade for helping to arrange this operation, as well as other CIOH individuals who have maintained a very on-time transmission of the data. Our thanks also to Jair García and others who are supervising the overall operation. Finally our thanks to the observers.


Rodolfo Rodríguez helped to coordinate the operation at the University of Piura and was very generous during the establishment of the station. Other active participants who have maintained the operation (making the observations and processing and transmitting the data) are Luis Alberto Torrez, Luis Alberto Flores, Norma Ordinola and Roxana Fernandez. Our thanks to Mayor General Jose M. Ames (director of SENAMHI - National Service of Meteorology and Hidrology) and Captain Jorge Oviedo Diaz for having us as visitors to their facilities in Lima. Also thanks to Mr. Pedro Tongo from the Peruvian Air Force in Piura who provided a theodolite during the training session.


Special thanks go to Dr. Jose Luis Santos at ESPOL (Superior Polytechnic School of the Coast), who helped organize the training session and who is currently supervising the observations taking place at ESPOL and processing the data from all of the Ecuadorian stations, and to Enrique Palacios of INAMHI (National Institute for Meteorology and Hidrology), who has facilitated the participation of INAMHI members at San Cristobal in the Galapagos and who also helped find observers for the Esmeraldas sites and who is also currently overseen the money that is being used for all the expenses related to making the observations in Ecuador. Thanks go to all of the Ecuadorian observers and the people processing the data.

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